K40_Titel.fm Seite 9 Dienstag, 1. August 2006 1:14 13
BMW Motorrad
The Ultimate Riding
Machine
Rider's Manual (US Model)
K 1200 S
Motorcycle/Retailer Data
Motorcycle data
Model
Vehicle Identification Number
Color number
First registration
Registration number
Retailer Data
Contact in Service
Ms./Mr.
Phone number
Retailer's address/phonenumber (compa-
ny stamp)
Welcome to BMW
We congratulateyou on your
choice of a motorcyclefrom
BMW andwelcome you to the
community of BMWriders.
Familiarize yourselfwith your new
motorcycle so that youcan ride it
safely and confidentlyin all traffic
situations.
Please read this Rider's Manual
carefully beforestarting to use
your new BMW motorcycle.It
contains important information on
how to operate the controls and
how to make the best possible
use of all your BMW'stechnical
features.
In addition, it containsinformation
on maintenanceand care to help
you maintain yourmotorcycle's
reliability and safety,as well as its
value.
If you have anyquestions con-
cerning your motorcycle, your au-
thorized BMW Motorrad retailer
is alwayshappy to provide advice
and assistance.
We wish you manymiles of safe
and enjoyable riding
BMW Motorrad.
Table of Contents
You can alsouse the indexat the
end of this Rider's Manualto find
a specific topic.
1Generalinstructions. . .. .5
Overview. . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . .6
Abbreviationsandsymbols. . . .6
Equipment. . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . ..7
Technicaldata. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .7
Currentnessofthismanual . . . .7
2Overviews. . . . . .. . . . .. . . .. .9
Generalview,leftside. . . . .. . .11
Generalview,rightside. . .. . .13
Underneathseat. . . . . . . . . .. . .14
Lefthandlebarfitting. . . . . .. . .15
Handlebarfitting,right . . . . . . . .16
Instrumentcluster. . . . . . . . .. . .17
Headlight . .. . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . .18
3Statusindicators. . . . . ..19
Standarddisplays. . . .. . . . .. . .20
Displays with onboard com-
puter OE ...................... 21
Displays with Tire Pressure
ControlRDC OE............... 22
Standard warning indica-
tors........................... 22
Warning indicators of on-
boardcomputer OE ........... 27
ABSwarningindicators. . . . . .29
ASC warning indica-
tors OE ........................ 32
RDC warning indica-
tors OE ........................ 34
Anti-theft alarm warningindi-
cators OE ..................... 39
4Operation. . . .. . . .. . . .. . . .43
Ignition switch and steering
lock. . . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . .44
Electronicimmobilizer. . . . .. . .45
Clock . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . .46
Odometerandtripmeters. . . .47
Onboardcomputer OE ........ 49
Tire Pressure Control
RDC OE ....................... 53
Lights. .. . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . .53
Turnindicators. . . .. . . . .. . . . . .54
Hazardwarningflashers. . . . . .55
Emergency ON/OFF
switch. .. . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . .57
Heated hand gripsOE ......... 57
Automatic Stability Control
ASC OE ....................... 58
Clutch. .. . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .59
Brakes. . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .59
Mirrors.. . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . .60
Springpreload. . . .. . . . .. . . . . .60
Damping. . . .. . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .61
Electronic suspension adjust-
mentESA OE ................. 62
Tires. . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .64
Headlight . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . .64
Seat. . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . .65
Helmetholder. . . . . . . .. . . . .. . .67
Luggageloops.. . . . . . . .. . . . . .68
5Riding. . . . . .. . . . .. . . .. . . . .69
Safetyinstructions. . .. . . . .. . .70
Checklist. . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . .71
Starting.. . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . .72
Runningin. . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . .75
Brakes. . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .75
Parkingyourmotorcycle. . . . .77
Refueling. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . .78
6Technologyindetail. . .81
Brake system with BMW Mo-
torradIntegralABS . . . . . .. . . . .82
Engine management with
BMWMotorradASC OE ...... 84
Tire Pressure Control
RDC OE ....................... 85
7Accessories. . . . .. . . . .. . .87
Generalinstructions. . . . . . . . . .88
Onboardsocket. . . . . .. . . . .. . .88
Luggage. . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . .. . .89
CaseOA ...................... 90
Flattirekit OA ................. 93
8Maintenance. . . . . .. . . . ..95
Generalinstructions. . . . . . . . . .96
Toolkit. .. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . .. . .96
Engineoil. . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . .97
Generalbrakesystem. . .. . . . .99
Brakepads. . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .99
Brakefluid.. . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . .101
Clutch. .. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . .103
Tires. . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . .104
Rims. . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . .104
Wheels. . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . ..105
Frontwheelstand . . . .. . . . ..111
Rear-wheelstand. . . .. . . . . .113
Lamps. .. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . .114
Jump-starting. . . . .. . . . . .. . .123
Battery. . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . .124
9Care. . .. . . . .. . . . .. . . .. . . .129
Careproducts. . . . . . . .. . . . . .130
Washing your motorcy-
cle.......................... 130
Cleaning sensitive motorcy-
cleparts . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . ..130
Paintcare.. . . . .. . . . . .. . . . ..131
Protectivewaxcoating. . . ..132
Storingmotorcycle. . .. . . . ..132
Returning motorcycle to
use......................... 132
10Technicaldata. . . . . . .133
Troubleshootingchart . . .. . .134
Threadedfasteners. . . . . . ..135
Engine. . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . .136
Fuel. . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . ..137
Engineoil. . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . ..137
Clutch. .. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . .138
Transmission.. . . . . . . .. . . . ..138
Rear-wheeldrive. .. . . . . .. . .139
Runninggear . . . . . .. . . . . .. . .139
Brakes. . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . .140
Wheelsandtires. . . . .. . . . . .140
Electricalsystem. . . . .. . . . ..142
Frame. . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . ..144
Dimensions. . . .. . . . . .. . . . ..144
Weights. . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . ..145
Ridingspecifications. . . .. . .145
11Service. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . .147
BMWMotorradService. . . .148
BMW Motorrad Service
Quality.. . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . ..148
BMW Motorrad Service
Card - On-the-spotbreak-
downassistance. . . . .. . . . ..148
BMW Motorrad Service
Network. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . .149
Maintenancework . . . . . . . . ..149
Confirmation of mainte-
nancework . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . ..150
Confirmationofservice . . . . .155
Reporting
Safety Defects.........
.
161
General instructions
General instructions
Overview ............................. 6
Abbreviations and symbols........... 6
Equipment ............................ 7
Technical data ........................ 7
Currentness of thismanual........... 7
1
5
z
General instructions
Overview
Chapter2 ofthis Rider'sManu-
al will provideyou with an initial
overview of your motorcycle.All
maintenance and repairwork car-
ried out on yourmotorcycle will
be documentedin Chapter 11.
Proof of the maintenancework
performed is a prerequisitefor
generous treatmentof claims.
When the time comes to sell
your BMW, please remember
to hand over this Rider's Manu-
al; it is an important part of the
motorcycle.
Abbreviations and
symbols
Indicates warningsthat you
must comply withfor rea-
sons of your safety and the safe-
ty of others, and toprotect your
motorcycle against damage.
Special informationon op-
erating and inspectingyour
motorcycle as wellas mainte-
nance and adjustment proce-
dures.
Indicates the end of an
item of information.
Instruction.
Result of an activity.
Reference to a pagewith
more detailed informa-
tion.
Indicates the end of ac-
cessory or equipment-
dependent information.
Tightening torque.
Technical data.
OEOptional equipment
The motorcycles are as-
sembled complete with
all the BMW optionalex-
tras originally ordered.
OAOptional accessories
BMW optional acces-
sories can be purchased
and installed atyour au-
thorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
EWS Electronic immobilizer.
DWA Anti-theft alarm.
ABSAnti-Lock Brake System.
ASCAutomatic Stability Con-
trol.
ESAElectronic Suspension
Adjustment
Electronic suspension
adjustment.
1
6
z
General instructions
TPCTire Pressure Control.
Equipment
When you ordered your BMW
Motorrad, you chose various
items of custom equipment.This
Rider's Manual describes option-
al extras (OE) offered by BMW
and selected optional accessories
(OA). This explains why the man-
ual may also contain descriptions
of equipmentwhich you have not
ordered.Please note, too, that
your motorcyclemight not be ex-
actly as illustratedin this manual
on account ofcountry-specific
differences.
If your BMW isequipped with
options or accessoriesnot de-
scribed in this Rider'sManual,
then this equipment is described
in a separate operatingmanual.
Technical data
All dimensions, weightsand out-
puts in the Rider'sManual refer
to the DeutscheInstitut für Nor-
mung e. V. (DIN) and complywith
its tolerance regulations.Ver-
sions for individualcountries may
differ.
Currentness of this
manual
The high safety and qualitystan-
dards of BMW motorcyclesare
maintained by constant devel-
opment workon designs, equip-
ment and accessories.Because
of this, your motorcyclemay dif-
fer from the informationsupplied
in the Rider's Manual.In addition,
BMW Motorrad cannot guarantee
the total absenceof errors.We
hope you will appreciatethat no
claims canbe entertained on the
basis of the data,illustrations or
descriptions in this manual.
1
7
z
General instructions
1
8
z
General instructions
Overviews
Overviews
General view, left side................ 11
Generalview,rightside. . ............ 13
Underneath seat ..................... 14
Lefthandlebarfitting ................. 15
Handlebarfitting,right. . . ............ 16
Instrument cluster................... 17
Headlight ............................ 18
2
9
z
Overviews
2
10
z
Overviews
General view, left side
1Headlight range adjustment
(below instrument cluster)
( 65)
2Clutch fluid reservoir
( 103)
3Adjuster for springpreload,
rear (60)
4Seat lock (below tail light)
( 65)
5Adjustment of reardamping
( 61)
6Onboard socket(88)
2
11
z
Overviews
2
12
z
Overviews
General view, right side
1Engine oil level indicator
( 97)
2Fuel filler opening(78)
3Battery compartment
( 126)
4Brake-fluid reservoir, front
( 99)
5Type plate (on rear cross
tube)
6Vehicle identification num-
ber (on front right sidepan-
el)
7Brake-fluid reservoir, rear
( 102)
2
13
z
Overviews
Underneath seat
1Helmet holder(67)
2Toolkit (96)
3Engine oil fill location
( 98)
2
14
z
Overviews
Left handlebar fitting
1Operating odometer
(47), Operatingonboard
computer OE ( 49)
2OperatingtheASC OE
( 58)
3OperatingESA OE ( 62)
4Horn
5Turn indicators, left(54),
Hazard warning flashers
( 55)
6High-beam headlight and
headlight flasher(54)
2
15
z
Overviews
Handlebar fitting, right
1Emergency ON/OFF switch
( 57)
2Starter button(72)
3Heated hand gripsOE
( 57)
4Turn indicators, right
(55), Hazard warning
flashers (55)
5Turn indicators off(55),
Hazard warning flashers off
( 56)
2
16
z
Overviews
Instrument cluster
1Tachometer
2Speedometer
3Indicator lights(20)
4Multifunction display
( 20)
5Anti-theft alarm indicator
light (OE) andsensor for
instrument lighting
6Selecting readings(47)
Resetting tripmeter(48)
Setting clock(46)
The instrument-cluster
lighting has automatic day
and night switchover.
2
17
z
Overviews
Headlight
1High-beam headlight
2Low-beam headlight
3Parking lights
2
18
z
Overviews
Status indicators
Status indicators
Standarddisplays .................... 20
Displays withonboard comput-
erOE ................................. 21
Displays with TirePressure Control
RDCOE .............................. 22
Standard warning indicators......... 22
Warning indicators ofonboard com-
puterOE .............................. 27
ABSwarningindicators.. ............ 29
ASC warning indicatorsOE ........... 32
RDC warning indicatorsOE ........... 34
Anti-theft alarm warning indica-
torsOE ............................... 39
3
19
z
Status indicators
Standard displays
Multifunction display
1Clock (46)
2Gear (20)
3Coolant temperature
( 20)
4Odometer and tripmeters
( 47)
5Fuel capacity(20)
Indicator lights
1Turn indicators, left
2High-beam headlight
3Idling
4Turn indicators, right
Fuel capacity
The horizontal bars under
the gas pump symbol indi-
cate the remainingfuel quantity.
When the fuel inthe tank is
topped up the gaugebriefly
shows the original level, before
the reading isupdated.
Gear
The gear engagedor N
for neutral appearson the
display.
If no gearis engaged, the
'neutral' indicator light also
lights up.
Coolant temperature
The lateralbars under the
temperature symbol show
the coolant temperaturelevel.
Service display
If the time remaininguntil the
next service lies within amonth,
3
20
z
Status indicators
the service date is brieflydis-
played following the pre-ride
check.The month and year are
shown as two digits eachsepa-
rated by a dash;in this example
the display means"March 2007".
If the motorcycleis driven long
distances annually,it is possible
that earlierservice is required.If
the odometerreading for the ear-
lier service lies within600 miles
(1,000 km), the remaining miles
(kilometers) are counteddown
in 60-mile (100-km)steps and
briefly displayed following the
pre-ride check.
If the service intervalhas been
exceeded, the generalwarning
light also lightsup yellow in ad-
dition to the dateor mileage dis-
play.The Servicelettering is dis-
played continuously.
If the service display already
more than one month be-
fore the service date, or if the
Service lettering doesnot stop
after the service date isexceed-
ed, then the datestored in the
instrument cluster must be set.
This situationcan occurif the
battery has been disconnected
for a longer time.
Consult a certified workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer,for setting of
the date.
Displays with onboard
computerOE
1Onboard computer display
area OE ( 49)
3
21
z
Status indicators
Displays with Tire
Pressure Control
RDCOE
1Tire inflation pressuresal-
ternating with clock, with
onboard computer as ad-
ditional value of onboard
computer. OE ( 53)
Standard warning
indicators
Display
Warnings are indicated by the
'General' warning light 1show-
ing in combinationwith a warning
word, for example2or with one
of the warning symbols3. The
'General' warning light shows red
or yellow, dependingon the ur-
gency of the warning.If sever-
al warnings are active,all cor-
responding warning lights and
warning symbolare displayed;
warnings are shown alternately.
The possible warnings are listed
on the nextpage.
3
22
z
Status indicators
Overview of warning indicators
Meaning
Lights up yellowEWS ! appears on
the display.
Electronic immobilizeris active(24)
Lights up yellowFUEL ! appears
on the display.
Fuel down to reserve(24)
Lights up redTemperaturedis-
play flashes
Coolant temperature too high(24)
Lights up yellowIs indicatedEngine in emergency-operationmode
( 24)
Flashes redIs indicatedEngine oil pressure insufficient(25)
Lights up redIs indicatedBattery charge current insufficient
( 25)
Lights up yellowLAMPR ! appears
on the display.
Rear bulb defective(26)
LAMPF ! appears
on the display.
Front bulb defective(26)
Lights up yellowLAMPS ! appears
on the display.
Bulbs defective(26)
3
23
z
Status indicators
Electronic immobilizer is
active
General warning light shows
yellow.
EWS ! appearson the display.
The keybeingused is notautho-
rized for starting, or communica-
tion betweenthe key and engine
electronicsis disrupted.
Remove other ignitionkeys
located onthe ignition key.
Use the reservekey.
Have the defective key re-
placed, preferably by an autho-
rized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Fuel down to reserve
General warning light shows
yellow.
FUEL ! appearson the display.
A fuel shortage canlead to
misfiring and to the engine
dying unexpectedly.Misfiring can
damage the catalytic converter,
and the engine dying unexpected
can lead to accidents.
Do not drive untilthe fuel tank is
completely empty.
At the most, thefuel tank still
contains the reservefuel quantity.
Reserve fuel quantity
1.1 gal (4l)
Refueling (78)
Coolant temperature too high
General warning light shows
red.
Temperature display flash-
es.
Continued driving with an
overheated engine canre-
sult in engine damage.
Be sure to observethe measures
listed below.
The coolant temperatureis too
high.
If possible, continue driving
in the part-loadrange to cool
down the engine.
In traffic jams, switch off the
engine, but keep the ignition
switched on so that the radia-
tor fan continues to operate.
Should the coolant temperature
frequentlybe too high, have
the fault rectifiedas quickly as
possible by a specializedwork-
shop, preferablyan authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Engine in emergency-
operation mode
General warning light shows
yellow.
Engine symbol appears on
the display.
The engine isin the emer-
gency operating mode.On-
ly reduced engine performance
3
24
z
Status indicators
may be available, which can lead
to danger driving situations,es-
pecially during passing maneu-
vers.
Adapt your driving styleto
the possibly reducedengine
performance.
The engine control unit hasdi-
agnosed a fault.In exceptional
cases, the engine stopsand can
no longer bestarted.Otherwise,
the engine runs inthe emergen-
cy operating mode.
Continued driving is possible,
however the accustomed en-
gine performance may not be
available.
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible bya spe-
cialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Engine oil pressure
insufficient
General warning light flash-
es red.
Oil-can symbol appears on
the display.
The oil pressurein the lubricating
oil circuit is too low.If the warn-
ing light lights up, stop immedi-
ately and switchoff the engine.
The warning on insuffi-
cient engine oil pressure
is no substitutefor the func-
tion of an oil-level indicator.The
correct engine oil level canon-
ly be checkedon the oil level
indicator.
The cause ofthe warning on in-
sufficient engine oil pressurecan
be an insufficientengine oillevel.
Checking engine oil level
( 97)
If oil level is too low:
Topping up engineoil (98)
If the engine oil level is correct:
Driving with insufficienten-
gine oil pressure canresult
in engine damage.
Do not continue driving.
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible bya spe-
cialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Battery charge current
insufficient
General warning light shows
red.
Battery symbol appears on
the display.
A discharged batterycan
result in the enginecutting
out unexpectedly,causing a haz-
ardous situation.
Have faults eliminatedas soon as
possible.
3
25
z
Status indicators
If the batteryis no longer
charged, continued driving
can lead to deep discharging,
and therefore to the destruction
of the battery.
If possible, do not continue
driving.
The battery is not beingcharged.
Continued driving is possible
until the battery is discharged.
However, the engine candie
suddenly and the battery can
be exhaustively discharged and
therefore destroyed.
Have the malfunctioncorrected
as soon as possible bya spe-
cialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Rear bulb defective
General warning light shows
yellow.
LAMPR ! appearson the dis-
play.
A defective bulbplaces
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carrya
complete set of sparebulbs if
possible.
Rear light or brake light bulb de-
fective.
Replacing brake and tail light
bulb (118)
Front bulb defective
LAMPF ! appearson the dis-
play.
A defective bulbplaces
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carrya
complete set of sparebulbs if
possible.
Low-beam headlight, high-beam
headlight, side-lightor turn indi-
cator bulb defective.
Replacing low-beam bulb
( 114)
Replacing high-beam bulb
( 116)
Replacing parking light bulb
( 118)
Replacing front turn indicator
bulbs (120)
Replacing rear turn indicator
bulbs (122)
Bulbs defective
General warning light shows
yellow.
LAMPS ! appearson the dis-
play.
A defective bulbplaces
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carrya
3
26
z
Status indicators
complete set of sparebulbs if
possible.
A combination of severalbulb
defects is present.
See the fault descriptions
above.
Warning indicators of
onboard computerOE
Display
Warnings of the onboardcom-
puter are shown in area1.
The possible warnings are listed
on the nextpage.
3
27
z
Status indicators
Overview of warning indicators
Meaning
Is indicatedEngine oil level too low(29)
Check Oil ap-
pears on the dis-
play
Is indicatedIce warning(29)
3
28
z
Status indicators
Engine oil level toolow
Oil level symbol appearson
the display.
Check Oil appears on the
display.
The electronic oil level sensor
has detecteda low engine oil
level.
The exact engine oil level can
only be determined by conduct-
ing a check of oil levelindicator.
During the nextrefueling stop:
Checking engine oil level
( 97)
If oil level is too low:
Topping up engineoil (98)
If "Check oil level" appears in
the display, although acorrect
oil level has been measuredon
the oil level indicator, theoil level
sensor maybe defective.
Contact a specialized work-
shop, preferablyan authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Ice warning
Ice crystal symbol appears
on the display.
The air temperature measured
at the motorcycle is lower than
37 °F (3 °C).
The ice warning does not
mean thatthere is no risk
of black ice formingat measured
temperatures above 37°F (3 °C).
Always think well ahead when
temperatures are low,especially
on bridges andwhere the road is
in the shade.
Think well ahead whendriving.
ABS warning
indicators
Display
ABS warnings are indicated by
the ABS warninglight 1.
In some countriesan alternative
display of the ABS warninglight
is possible.
Possible country-dependent
versions.
Additional information on the
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS is
provided from page(82); an
3
29
z
Status indicators
overview of the possiblewarnings
is provided on the following page.
3
30
z
Status indicators
Overview of warning indicators
Meaning
Flashes ABS self-diagnosis notcompleted
( 32)
Lights upABS error(32)
3
31
z
Status indicators
ABS self-diagnosisnot
completed
ABS warning light flashes.
The ABS functionis notavail-
able, becausethe self-diagno-
sis has notbeen completed.To
check the wheel sensors, the
motorcycle must be driven a few
yards.
Ride off slowly.It must be not-
ed that the ABS function is not
available untilthe self-diagnosis
has been completed.
ABS error
ABS warning light lights up.
The ABS control unit has detect-
ed an error.The ABSfunction is
not available.
Continued driving is possible
while taking the failed ABS
function into account.Observe
additional information on situa-
tions which can lead to an ABS
error (83).
Have the malfunctioncorrected
as soon as possible bya spe-
cialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
ASC warning
indicatorsOE
Display
ASC warnings are displayedwith
the ASC symbol 2in conjunction
with the general warninglight 1.
Additional information on the
BMW Motorrad ASC is provided
from page(84); an overview
of the possible warningsis pro-
vided on the following page.
3
32
z
Status indicators
Overview of warning indicators
Meaning
Flashes rapidly in
yellow
Is indicatedASC intervention(34)
Flashes slowlySelf-diagnosis not completed(34)
Is indicatedASC deactivated(34)
Lights up yellowIs indicatedASC error(34)
3
33
z
Status indicators
ASC intervention
General warning light flash-
es rapidly in yellow.
ASC symbol is displayed.
The ASC has detected insta-
bility at the rearwheel and has
reduced the torque.Thewarn-
ing light flashes longer than the
duration of the ASCintervention.
As a result, the driveris provided
with opticalfeedback on the reg-
ulation carried out even after the
critical driving situation.
Self-diagnosisnot completed
ASC symbol flashes.
The self-diagnosis wasnot com-
pleted; the ASCfunction is not
available.So that the ASCself-
diagnosis canbe completed,the
engine mustbe running and the
motorcycle must be moved at a
speed of at least 3 mph (5 km/h).
Ride off slowly.It must be not-
ed that theASC functionis not
available untilthe self-diagnosis
has been completed.
ASC deactivated
ASC symbol is displayed.
The ASC system hasbeen deac-
tivated by thedriver.
With OE AutomaticStability
Control (ASC):
Activating ASC function (58)
ASC error
General warning light shows
yellow.
ASC symbol is displayed.
The ASC controlunit has detect-
ed an error.The ASCfunction is
not available.
Continue driving is possible.It
must be noted that the ASC
function is not available.Ob-
serve additional informationon
situations which can lead to an
ASC error(85).
Have the malfunctioncorrected
as soon as possible bya spe-
cialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
RDC warning
indicatorsOE
Display
The warning symbol 2signals a
critical tire inflation pressure,and
the correspondingtire inflation
3
34
z
Status indicators
pressure of the front wheel3or
the rear wheel 4flashes.
If the critical valueis at the limit
of the permissibletolerance, the
general warning light 1also lights
up in yellow.If the determined
tire inflation pressureis outside
the permissible tolerance,the
general warning light flashes in
red.
Additional information on the
BMW MotorradRDC is provided
from page(85); an overview
of the possible warningsis pro-
vided on the following page.
3
35
z
Status indicators
Overview of warning indicators
Meaning
Lights up yellowTire inflation pressure in limit area of
permissible tolerance(37)
The critical tire
inflation pressure
flashes
Flashes redTire inflation pressure outsidepermissi-
ble tolerance(37)
The critical tire
inflation pressure
flashes
"--"or"-- --"
is displayed
Transmission error(37)
Lights up yellowSensor defective or systemfault(38)
"--"or"-- --"
is displayed
Lights up yellowRDC! appears on
the display
Battery of tire pressuresensor weak
( 38)
3
36
z
Status indicators
Tire inflation pressure in limit
area of permissibletolerance
General warning light shows
yellow.
Tire symbolappears on the
display.
The critical tire inflation pressure
flashes.
The measured tire inflationpres-
sure is inthe limit area ofthe
permissible tolerance.
Correct tire inflation pressure in
accordance with instructions on
back of cover of Rider's Manu-
al.
The pressure values on the
back of the cover refer to
a tire air temperatureof 68°F
(20 °C). Toalso adapt the tire
inflation pressure at other tire
temperatures, proceedas follows:
Calculate the difference between
the nominalvalue according to
the Rider's Manualand the value
determine by theRDC system.
Change the inflation pressure in
the tire by this difference using
an air pressuretester at afilling
station.
Tire inflation pressure
outside permissible tolerance
General warning light flash-
es red.
Tire symbolappears on the
display.
The critical tire inflation pressure
flashes.
The measured tire inflationpres-
sure is outsidethe permissible
tolerance.
Check tire for damageand
drivability.
Is it still possibleto drive with tire:
Incorrect tire inflation pres-
sure result in poorer han-
dling of the motorcycle.
Always adapt your driving style
to the incorrect tireinflation
pressure.
Correct tire inflation pressure at
next opportunity.
Have the tire checkedfor dam-
age by aspecialized workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
If you are unsureabout the driv-
ability of the tire:
Do not continue driving.
Inform roadside service.
Have the tire checkedfor dam-
age by aspecialized workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Transmission error
"--"or"-- --" is displayed.
The motorcycle'sspeed has not
exceeded the threshold of ap-
prox.20 mph (30 km/h).The
RDC sensors do not transmit
their signal until a speed above
this threshold is reached(85).
Watch RDC display at higher
speed.A permanent fault has
not occurreduntil the general
3
37
z
Status indicators
warning light also lights up.In
this case:
Have fault eliminatedby a spe-
cialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
There is a fault in the radio con-
nection to the RDC sensors.
Possible causes are radio sys-
tems in the surroundingarea,
which interfere with theconnec-
tion betweenthe RDC control
unit and the sensors.
Watch the RDC displayin an-
other environment.A perma-
nent fault has not occurred un-
til the generalwarning light also
lights up.In this case:
Have fault eliminatedby a spe-
cialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Sensor defective or system
fault
General warning light shows
yellow.
Tire symbolappears on the
display.
"--"or"-- --" is displayed.
Wheels without installed RDC
sensors are mounted.
Retrofit wheel set with RDC
sensors.
One or two RDC sensorshave
failed.
Have fault eliminatedby a spe-
cialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
A system fault has occurred.
Have fault eliminatedby a spe-
cialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Battery of tire pressure
sensor weak
General warning light shows
yellow.
RDC! appears on thedisplay.
This error messageis only
displayed fora short time
following the pre-ride check.
The battery ofthe tire pressure
sensor no longerhas its fullca-
pacity.The operation of thetire
pressure control is only ensured
for a limited time.
Contact a specialized work-
shop, preferablyan authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
3
38
z
Status indicators
Anti-theft alarm
warning indicatorsOE
Display
Anti-theft alarm warning
are shown as warnings2in
conjunction withthe general
warning light 1following the
pre-ride check and refer to the
capacity of the internalanti-theft
alarm battery.
The possible warnings are listed
on the nextpage.
3
39
z
Status indicators
Overview of warning indicators
Meaning
DWALO ! appears
on the display
Anti-theft alarm battery weak(41)
Lights up yellowDWA ! appears on
the display
Anti-theft alarm battery drained(41)
3
40
z
Status indicators
Anti-theft alarm battery weak
DWALO ! appears on the dis-
play.
This error messageis only
displayed fora short time
following the pre-ride check.
The anti-theft alarm batteryno
longer has its fullcapacity.The
operation ofthe anti-theft alarm
is only ensuredfor a limitedtime
with the motorcyclebattery dis-
connected.
Contact a specialized work-
shop, preferablyan authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Anti-theft alarm battery
drained
General warning light shows
yellow.
DWA ! appearson the display.
This error messageis only
displayed fora short time
following the pre-ride check.
The anti-theft alarm batteryhas
no capacity.The operationof the
anti-theft alarm isno longer en-
sured with the motorcyclebattery
disconnected.
Contact a specialized work-
shop, preferablyan authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
3
41
z
Status indicators
3
42
z
Status indicators
Operation
Operation
Ignition switch andsteering lock..... 44
Electronic immobilizer................ 45
Clock ................................ 46
Odometer and tripmeters............ 47
Onboard computerOE ................ 49
Tire Pressure ControlRDCOE ....... 53
Lights ................................ 53
Turn indicators....................... 54
Hazardwarningflashers.. ............ 55
Emergency ON/OFF switch.......... 57
Heated hand gripsOE ................ 57
Automatic Stability Control
ASCOE .............................. 58
Clutch ............................... 59
Brakes ............................... 59
Mirrors .. ............................. 60
Spring preload ....................... 60
Damping ............................. 61
Electronic suspension adjustment
ESAOE ............................... 62
Tires ................................. 64
Headlight ............................ 64
Seat ................................. 65
Helmet holder....................... 67
Luggageloops ....................... 68
4
43
z
Operation
Ignition switch and
steering lock
Keys
You receive onemaster key and
one spare key.If akey is lost,
please note the informationon
the electronic immobilizer(EWS)
( 45).
Ignition key and steeringlock,
tank filler cap lock and seat lock
are all operated withthe same
key.
With OA Case:
Cases with locks for thesame
key can be orderedon request.
Please contact a specialized
workshop for this purpose,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Switching on ignition
Turn key to position1.
Parking lights andall function
circuits switched on.
Engine can be started.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 73)
ABS self-diagnosis is
performed. (73)
With OE AutomaticStability
Control (ASC):
Turn key to position1.
In addition tothe points named
above, the ASCself-diagnosis
is also carriedout.(74)
Switching off ignition
Turn key to position2.
Light switched off.
Handlebars not locked.
Key can be removed.
Electrically powered acces-
sories remain operational for
a limited periodof time.
Battery can berecharged via
onboard socket.
4
44
z
Operation
Locking handlebars
If themotorcycleis on the
side stand,the surface
of the ground will determine
whether it is better to turn the
handlebars to the leftor right.
However, the motorcycleis more
stable on a level surface with the
handlebars turnedto the left than
with the handlebars turnedto the
right.
On level ground, always turn the
handlebars to the left to set the
steering lock.
Turn handlebarsto full left or
right lock position.
Turn key to position3while
moving handlebars slightly.
Ignition, lights andall function
circuits switched off.
Handlebars locked.
Key can be removed.
Electronic immobilizer
Theft protection
The electronic immobilizerhelps
protect your BMW motorcycle
from theft, and this enhanced
security is atyour disposal with-
out any needfor you to set pa-
rameters or activate additional
systems.The engine ofa mo-
torcycle fitted with this electronic
immobilizer can be started only
with the keys that belong to the
motorcycle.You can also have
your authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer disable particular keys,
for example inthe event that you
lose your keys.The enginecan-
not be started witha key that has
been barred.
Electronics in key
The motorcycle's electronics
exchange certain continuously
changing signalswith the elec-
tronics in thekey; these signals
are specific to yourmotorcycle
and they are transmittedvia the
ring antennain the ignition lock.
The ignition is not enabledfor
starting until thekey has been
recognized as "authorized"for
your motorcycle.
A spare key attachedto
the same ringas the igni-
tion key usedto start the engine
could "irritate" the electronics,
in which casethe enabling sig-
nal for starting is not issued.The
warning EWS is shown in the
multifunction display.
Always store the spare key sepa-
rately from the ignitionkey.
4
45
z
Operation
Replacement and extra
keys
Replacement and spare keys
are only available throughan au-
thorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
The keys are partof an integrat-
ed security system,so the retail-
er is under an obligation to check
the legitimacy ofall applications
for replacement/extrakeys.If you
want to have a lost key barred,
you must bring alongall other
keys that belong to the motorcy-
cle.A key that has been barred
can subsequently be cleared and
reactivated for use.
Clock
Setting clock
Attemptingto set the clock
while ridingthe motorcycle
can lead to accidents.
Adjust the clockonly when the
motorcycle is stationary.
Switch on ignition.
Press button 1repeatedly until
total mileage is shown.
Press alternative button 2re-
peatedly until total mileage is
shown.
With OE Onboardcomputer Or
With OE Tire PressureControl
(RDC):
Press button 2repeatedly until
clock is shown.
In this case, the button
in the instrumentclus-
ter is only used to operate the
odometer.
4
46
z
Operation
Hold down button.
Hours 3flash.
Press button.
Hours increase by one each
time button is pressed.
Hold down button.
Minutes 4flash.
Press button.
Minutes increase by one each
time button is pressed.
Press and hold buttonor no
longer press it.
End setting; set time is dis-
played.
Odometer and
tripmeters
Selecting readings
Switch on ignition.
Press button 1.
If you prefer,you can use but-
ton 2for this purpose.
Each time the button is pressed,
the display showsvalues start-
ing with the current valuein the
following order:
4
47
z
Operation
Total distance covered
Tripmeter 1 (Trip I)
Tripmeter 2 (Trip II)
Operating range (after reaching
reserve level)
With OE Onboardcomputer Or
With OE Tire PressureControl
(RDC):
Press button 1.
In this case, the button on
the handlebar fitting is on-
ly used to operate the onboard
computer or the RDCdisplay.
Resetting tripmeter
Switch on ignition.
Select desired tripmeter.
Hold down button 1.
If you prefer,you can use but-
ton 2for this purpose.
Tripmeter is reset.
4
48
z
Operation
With OE Onboardcomputer Or
With OE Tire PressureControl
(RDC):
Hold down button 2.
In this case,the button on
the handlebar fitting is on-
ly used tooperate the onboard
computer or the RDCdisplay.
Residual range
The operatingrange is displayed
together with the lettering
RANGE and indicates what
distance can still be driven with
the remainingfuel.Itis only
displayed after thefuel reserve
is reached.This distanceis
calculated onthe basis of fuel
level and average consumption.
When refueling,fuel is not regis-
tered until the quantityadded is
approx.one gallon (several liters).
When refueling after runningon
reserve, make sure that you top
up the tankto a level abovere-
serve, as otherwise thesensor
will not beable to registerthe
new level.Otherwise neitherthe
fill level nor the operatingrange
display can be updated.
The determined residual
range is anapproximate
reading.BMW Motorradthere-
fore recommends thatyou do
not try to use the full remaining
range before refueling.
Onboard computerOE
Selecting readings
Switch on ignition.
Press button 1.
4
49
z
Operation
Each time the button is pressed,
the display showsvalues start-
ing with the current valuein the
following order:
Ambient temperature
Average speed
Average consumption
Range
Oil level indicator
Tire inflation pressures(OE)
Ambient temperature
When themotorcycle is stopped,
the engine heatcan falsify the
measurement of theambient
temperature 1.Ifthe influence
of the engine heat becomestoo
great, -- is temporarily shown in
the display.
If the ambient temperature
drops below 3°C, a warn-
ing of possible icing-upappears.
The display automaticallyswitch-
es from any other mode to the
temperature reading when the
temperature drops below this
threshold for the first time.
Average speed
The average speed 1is cal-
culated based onthe elapsed
time since the last reset.Times
during which the engine was
stopped are excluded from the
calculation.
Resetting average speed
Switch on ignition.
Select average speed.
4
50
z
Operation
Hold down button 1.
Average speed is reset.
Average consumption
The average consumption1is
calculated bydividing the dis-
tance covered since the lastre-
set by the correspondingamount
of fuel used.
Resetting average
consumption
Switch on ignition.
Select average speed.
Hold down button 1.
Average consumption is reset.
Range
The functional description of
the operatingrange(49) al-
so applies to the range.How-
ever, the range 1can also be
displayed beforethe fuel re-
serve is reached.To calculate
the range, aspecial average con-
sumptionis used,which doesnot
always match the value thatcan
be shown on the display.
If the motorcycleis standing on
the side stand,the fuel level can-
not be correctly determineddue
to the inclinedposition.For this
4
51
z
Operation
reason the rangeis only calculat-
ed while driving.
When refueling after runningon
reserve, make sure that you top
up the tankto a level abovere-
serve, as otherwise the sensor
will not beable to registerthe
new level.Otherwise neitherthe
fill level nor the range display can
be updated.
The determinedrange is an
approximate reading.BMW
Motorrad therefore recommends
that you do not try touse the full
range before refueling.
Oil level indicator
The oil level indicator1provides
information onthe oil level in the
engine.It can only bedisplayed
when the motorcycleis stopped.
The conditions for the oil level
indicator are asfollows:
Engine at operating tempera-
ture.
Engine idling for at least10
seconds.
Side-stand retracted.
Motorcycle is vertical.
The readings mean:
OK:Oil level is correct.
CHECK:Checkoil level during
next refueling stop.
---:No measurement possible
(above-mentioned conditions not
met).
If other informationof the
onboard computeris dis-
played, this symbol continues to
be shown until the oil levelis de-
tected as correct again.
The most recently measured
level is displayed for 5 seconds
when you nextswitch on theig-
nition.
Should, despitea correct oil
level on thedisplay of the
engine oil reservoir, "Check oil
level" appear continuouslyin the
display, the oil level sensor may
be defective.In this case,please
contact your authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
4
52
z
Operation
Tire Pressure Control
RDCOE
Displaying tire inflation
pressure
Switch on ignition.
Repeatedlypress button 1un-
til the tire inflationpressures
appear in the display.
The tire inflation pressures are
displayed with the lettering
RDC P.The left-hand value
indicates the inflation pressure of
the front wheel,and the right-
hand value the inflation pressure
of the rear wheel.Immediately
after switching onthe ignition,
-- -- is displayed,as the
transfer of the inflationpressure
values does not begin until a
speed over 20 mph (30 km/h)is
reached.
The display is shown alternately
with the clock.
On motorcycleswith an onboard
computer, the displayappears in
alternation with theclock and the
values of the onboardcomputer.
Lights
Parking lights
The parking lights switch on au-
tomatically whenthe ignition is
switched on.
The parking lights are a
strain on the battery.Do
not leave the ignitionswitched
on longer thanabsolutely
necessary.
Low-beam headlight
The low-beam headlight switches
on automaticallywhen you start
the engine.
With the engine switched
off, you canswitch on the
lights by switchingon the high-
beam headlight with theignition
4
53
z
Operation
switched onor by operatingthe
headlight flasher.
High-beam headlight
Press the top section of full-
beam headlight switch 1.
High-beam headlight is
switched on.
Move full-beam headlight
switch 1to the center position.
High-beam headlight is
switched off.
Press the bottom section of
full-beam headlight switch 1.
High-beam headlight is
switched on as longas switch
is pressed (headlight flasher).
Switching on parking
lights
Switch off ignition.
Immediately after switchingoff
the ignition, pressand hold the
left-hand turn indicator but-
ton 1.
Parking light switches on.
Switching off parking
lights
Switch ignition on and thenoff
again.
Parking light switched off.
Turn indicators
Switching on left-hand
turn indicator
Switch on ignition.
After driving for approx.
ten seconds or after cov-
ering a distanceof approx.650
ft (200 m), the turn indicators are
automatically switched off.
4
54
z
Operation
Press left-hand turn indicator
button 1.
Left-hand turn indicator is
switched on.
Indicator light for left-handturn
indicators flashes.
Switching on right-hand
turn indicator
Switch on ignition.
After driving for approx.
ten seconds or after cov-
ering a distanceof approx.650
ft (200 m), the turn indicators are
automatically switched off.
Press right-hand turn indicator
button 2.
Right-hand turn indicator is
switched on.
Indicator light for right-hand
turn indicators flashes.
Switching offturn
indicator
Press turn-indicatorcancel but-
ton 3.
Turn indicatoris switched off.
Indicator lights for turn indica-
tors are off.
Hazard warning
flashers
Switching on hazard
warning flashers
Switch on ignition.
4
55
z
Operation
The hazard warning flash-
ers place a strainon the
battery.Do not use the hazard
warning flashersfor longer than
absolutely necessary.
If a turn indicatorbutton is
pressed with theignition
switched on,the flashing function
replaces the emergency flashing
function as long as thebutton is
pressed.If theturnindicator but-
ton is released,the emergency
flasher function becomes active
again.
Press left 1and right-hand2
turn indicator buttons simulta-
neously.
The hazard warning flashers
are switched on.
Indicator lights for leftand right
turn indicator flash.
Switch off ignition.
Hazard warning flashers contin-
ue to operate.
Indicator lights for leftand right
turn indicator are off.
Switching off hazard
warning flashers
Press turn-indicator cancel but-
ton 3.
Hazard warning flashers are
switched off.
4
56
z
Operation
Emergency ON/OFF
switch
1Emergency ON/OFF switch
Operatingthe emergency
ON/OFF switch when riding
can cause therear wheelto lock
and thus cause a fall.
Do not operate theemergency
ON/OFF switch when riding.
The engine can beswitched
off easily and quicklyusing the
emergency ON/OFF switch.
AOperating position
BEngine switched off.
The engine can only be
started in the operating
position.
Heated hand gripsOE
1Heated handgrip switch
The handlebar grips can be heat-
ed at two different levels.The
heated hand grips option can on-
ly be activatedwhen theengine
is running.
The increase in powercon-
sumption caused by the
heated hand grips can drain the
battery if you are ridingat low
engine speeds.If the battery is
inadequately charged, the heat-
ed hand grips areswitched off to
ensure starting capability.
4
57
z
Operation
2Heating function off.
350 % heat output (one dot
visible).
4100 % heat output(three
dots visible).
Automatic Stability
Control ASCOE
Switching off ASC
function
Switch on ignition.
The ASC functioncan al-
so be deactivated while
driving.
Press and hold ASC button 1.
ASC symbol is continuously
displayed.
Release ASC button within
three seconds.
ASC symbol continues to
be displayed.
ASC function is deactivated.
Activating ASC function
Press and hold ASC button 1.
ASC symbolis no longer
displayed; if self-diagnosis
is not completed, ASC warning
light begins to flash.
Release ASC button within
three seconds.
ASC symbol remains off or
continues to flash.
ASC function is activated.
As an alternativeto pressing
the ASC button,the ignition
can also be switchedoff and
then on again.
4
58
z
Operation
If the ASC warning light
lights up after switching
the ignition off and on and then
continued driving over 5mph
(10 km/h),an ASC error has
occurred.
Clutch
Adjusting clutch lever
If the positionof the clutch
fluid reservoiris changed,
air can enter theclutch system.
Do not repositionthe handlebar
controls on thehandlebars or the
handlebars in theirmounts.
Adjusting the clutchlever
while driving can leadto
accidents.
Only adjust the clutch lever when
the motorcycle isstationary.
Turn adjusting screw 1clock-
wise.
The adjusting screw hasa
limit position andcan be
turned more easily when you
press the clutchlever forward.
Distance between handlebar
grip and clutch lever increases.
Turn adjusting screw 1coun-
terclockwise.
Distance between handlebar
grip and clutch lever decreases.
Brakes
Adjusting handbrake lever
Changing the position of
the brake-fluid reservoir can
allow air to penetrate the brake
system.
Do not repositionthe handlebar
controls on thehandlebars or the
handlebars in theirmounts.
Adjusting the brakelever
while driving can leadto
accidents.
Only adjust the brake lever when
the motorcycle isstationary.
4
59
z
Operation
Turn adjusting screw 1clock-
wise.
The adjusting screw has
a limit positionand can
be turned more easilywhen
you press the handbrake lever
forward.
Distance between handlebar
grip and handbrake leverin-
creases.
Turn adjusting screw 1coun-
terclockwise.
Distance between handlebar
grip and handbrake leverde-
creases.
Mirrors
Adjusting mirrors
Move mirror into desired posi-
tion by applying light pressure
at edge.
Spring preload
Setting
It is essentialto set spring
preload of the rear suspension
to suit the load carriedby the
motorcycle.Increase spring
preload whenthe motorcycle is
heavily loaded and reduce spring
preload accordingly when the
motorcycle is lightly loaded.
Adjusting spring preload
for rear wheel
Make sure groundis level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Your motorcycle's han-
dling will sufferif you do
not match the spring-preloadand
damping-characteristic settings.
Adjust the dampingcharacteristic
to suit the springpreload.
4
60
z
Operation
Adjusting the springpreload
while the motorcycleis be-
ing ridden can lead to accidents.
Adjust the springpreload
only when the motorcycleis
stationary.
To increase spring preload,
turn handwheel 1in direction
of arrow HIGH.
To decrease springpreload,
turn handwheel 1in direction
of arrow LOW.
Basic setting of spring
preload, rear
Turn handwheel as far as
possible in directionof arrow
LOW, then turn 13 clicks
in direction of arrowHIGH
(Full tank ofgas, with rider
187 lbs (85 kg))
Damping
Setting
The damping must be adapt-
ed to thespring preload.An in-
crease in spring preload requires
firmer damping, a reduction in
spring preload requires softer
damping.
Adjusting damping onrear
wheel
Make sure groundis level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Adjust damping withthe toolkit
using the adjusting screw 1.
To increase damping,turn ad-
justing screw 1in arrow direc-
tion H.
To decrease damping,turn ad-
justing screw 1in arrow direc-
tion S.
Basic setting of rear
wheel rear-wheel damp-
ing
Turn adjustingscrew as far
as possible in directionof
arrow H, then turn one and
one-half turnin direction of
arrow S (Single rider with
one person 187lbs (85 kg))
4
61
z
Operation
Electronic suspension
adjustment ESAOE
Settings
Using the electronic suspension
adjustment ESAyou can conve-
niently adjust your motorcycle to
its loading and theground.
The damping setting is shownin
the multifunctiondisplay in the
area 1, and the springpreload
in the area 2.The display of the
odometer is hidden as long as
the ESA displayis shown.Three
spring preloads withthree damp-
ing setting eachcan be com-
bined to optimallyadjust the mo-
torcycle.
Adjusting spring preload
The ESA controlunit is equipped
with an overload protection
device that interrupts the
adjustment processfor the spring
preload in case ofexcessive
current consumption.Especially
at low temperatures and witha
heavy payload, increased current
consumption can briefly result,
causing an interruption of the
adjustment process.
At temperaturesbelow 0 °C,
BMW Motorrad recommends
that the passenger should wait
until the adjustment process to
passenger mode is completed
before taking a seat.In case of
very long adjustment distances
(adjustment from "single rider"
to "operation with passenger and
luggage"), BMW Motorradalso
recommendsunloading the mo-
torcycle.
The ESA display flashes until the
adjustment process has been
completed.
An interrupted adjustment pro-
cess is automatically continued
as soon as the currentconsump-
tion is reduced,e.g.with the
measures described above.
Calling up settings
Switch on ignition.
Press button 1.
The current setting is
displayed.
4
62
z
Operation
Display goes out automatically
after a few seconds.
Adjusting damping
Switch on ignition.
The damping cannot bead-
justed whilethe motorcycle
is being ridden.
Press button 1.
Current setting is displayed.
Press button 1once in each
case.
Starting fromthe current state,
the display is inthe following or-
der:
COMF:comfortable damping
NORM:normal damping
SPORT:sporty damping
If no furtherchanges are made,
the damping isadjusted as in-
dicated.
Adjusting spring preload
Start engine.
The spring preload cannot
be adjusted while themo-
torcycle is being ridden.
Press button 1.
Current setting is displayed.
Press and hold button1until
display changes each time.
Starting fromthe current state,
the display is inthe following or-
der:
One-up
One-up with luggage
Two-up (with luggage)
If no furtherchanges are made,
the spring preloadand, if nec-
essary, the dampingis/are ad-
justed as indicated.The dis-
play flashes while the spring
preload is adjusted.
Wait for the adjustment
process to becompleted
before continuing driving
(display flashes).
4
63
z
Operation
Tires
Checking tire pressure
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Incorrect tire inflation pres-
sure results in poorer hand-
ing characteristicsof the motor-
cycle and reduces the life of the
tires.
Ensure proper tire inflation
pressure.
At high road speeds,tire
valves have a tendencyto
open as a result of centrifugal
force.
Fit metal valvecaps with rubber
seals and screw them onfirmly
to prevent sudden deflation.
Check correct tire inflation
pressure using following data.
Tire pressure, front
36.3 psi (2.5bar) (Single rid-
er, with cold tire)
36.3 psi (2.5bar) (Driver with
passenger and/orload, with
cold tire)
Tire pressure, rear
42.1 psi (2.9bar) (Single rid-
er, with cold tire)
42.1 psi (2.9bar) (Driver with
passenger and/orload, with
cold tire)
If tire pressure istoo low:
Correct tire pressure.
Headlight
Adjusting headlight for
RHD/LHD traffic
If the motorcycleis ridden in a
country where the opposite rule
of the road applies,its asymmet-
ric low-beam headlightwill tend
to dazzle oncoming traffic.
Have the headlight adjustedto
the relevant conditionsby a spe-
cialized workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad retail-
er.
Ordinary adhesive tape
damages the plastic lens.
To prevent damageto the plastic
lens, consult aspecialized work-
shop, preferablyan authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
4
64
z
Operation
Headlight range and
spring preload
The headlight range generally
remains constantdue to the ad-
justment of the springpreload to
the loading state.
Spring preload adjustmentmay
only be insufficientwhen the mo-
torcycle is very heavily loaded.
In this case,the headlight range
must be adjusted to the weight.
If you are unsure whether
the basic headlight setting
is correct, consulta specialized
workshop, preferably an autho-
rized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Headlight range
adjustment
1Headlight range adjustment
In the case of veryhigh payloads,
the available springpreload ad-
justment might not beadequate.
To avoid dazzlingoncoming traf-
fic, the headlightadjustment can
be corrected by adjusting the
swivel lever.
ANeutral position
BPosition with heavypayload
Seat
Removing seat
Make sure groundis leveland
firm and park motorcycle.
4
65
z
Operation
Turn the key counterclockwise
in the seat lock.
When doing so,press the seat
downwards for support.
Raise the seat atthe rear.
If seat islaid on a rough
surface, seat edges can be
damaged.
Lay the seat on the reference
side on a smooth,clean surface,
e.g.on the tank.
Let go of the keyand pull the
seat from the retaining bracket
towards the rear.
Installing seat
If too much pressure is ap-
plied in the forwarddirec-
tion, there is a danger thatthe
motorcycle will be pushed offits
stand.
Make sure thatthe motorcycle is
steady on its stand.
Push seat forward into retaining
brackets 1.
4
66
z
Operation
Press the seat firmly down-
wards beyond the detent.
The seat can be heard to lock
into place.
Helmet holder
Locking helmet on
motorcycle
Removing seat (65)
Secure helmet on helmet hold-
er 1or 2using steel cable
available asan optional acces-
sory.
The helmet catch can
scratch the paneling.
When hookingon the helmet,
watch the positionof the helmet
lock.
To do this, guide steelcable
through helmet and pushcable
eyes onto holder.
Installing seat (66)
4
67
z
Operation
Luggage loops
Luggage loops under seat
The loops 1for attaching lug-
gage straps are locatedon the
underside of the seat.In con-
junction with the eyelets2on
the grab handles,luggage can be
strapped ontothe rear seat.
Using luggage straps
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Removing seat (65)
Turn over seat.
Pull loops 1out of holder 3
and lay toward outside.
Luggage strapscan be hooked
into loops.
Installing seat (66)
4
68
z
Operation
Riding
Riding
Safety instructions ................... 70
Checklist............................. 71
Starting .............................. 72
Running in ........................... 75
Brakes ............................... 75
Parkingyourmotorcycle. ............ 77
Refueling ............................ 78
5
69
z
Riding
Safety instructions
Rider's equipment
Do not ride withoutthe correct
clothing.Always wear:
Helmet
Rider's suit
Gloves
Boots
This applies evento short jour-
neys, and to every seasonof the
year.Your authorized BMW Mo-
torrad retailer will be happyto
advise you and has the correct
clothing for every purpose.
Speed
If you ride at high speed, always
bear in mind thatvarious bound-
ary conditionscan adversely af-
fect the handling of your motor-
cycle:
Settings of spring-strutand
shock absorber system
Imbalanced load
Loose clothing
Insufficient tire inflationpres-
sure
Poor tire tread
Etc.
Correct loading
Overloading and imbal-
anced loads can adversely
affect the motorcycle's handling.
Do not exceedthe gross weight
limit and observe the loading
information.
Alcohol and drugs
Even small amountsof al-
cohol or drugs willadverse-
ly affect your perception and your
ability to assess situations and
make decisions, and slowdown
your reflexes.Medication can ex-
acerbate these effects.
Do not ride your motorcycleafter
consuming alcohol, drugs and/or
medication.
Risk of poisoning
Exhaust fumes contain carbon
monoxide, whichis colorlessand
odorless but highly toxic.
Inhaling exhaust fumes
therefore represents a
health hazard and can even
cause loss ofconsciousness with
fatal consequences.
Do not inhale exhaustfumes.
Do not run the enginein closed
rooms.
High voltage
Touching live parts ofthe
ignition system with the
engine running can causeelectric
shock.
Do not touch partsof the igni-
tion systemwhen the engine is
running.
5
70
z
Riding
Catalytic converter
If misfiring causes unburnedfuel
to enter the catalyticconverter,
there is a dangerof overheating
and damage.
For this reason, observethe fol-
lowing points:
Do not run the fuel tankdry
Do not run the enginewith the
spark-plug cap removed
Stop the engineimmediately if
it misfires
Use unleaded fuel only
Comply with all specifiedmain-
tenance intervals.
Unburned fuel will destroy
the catalytic converter.
Note the pointslisted for protec-
tion of the catalytic converter.
Risk of fire
Temperatures at the exhaust are
high.
Flammable materials (e.g.
hay, leaves, grass, clothing
and luggage, etc.)could ignite
if allowed to come into contact
with the hot exhaustpipe.
Make sure thatno highly
flammable materials can come
in contact with thehot exhaust
system.
Cooling would be inade-
quate if the engine were al-
lowed to idle for alengthy period
with the motorcycleat a stand-
still:overheating would result.In
extreme cases, the motorcycle
could catch fire.
Do not allowthe engineto idle
unnecessarily.After starting, ride
off immediately.
Tampering withcontrol
unit of electronic engine-
management system
Tampering with theengine
control unitcan damage
the motorcycle andcause acci-
dents.
Do not tamper with theengine
control unit.
Tampering with theengine
control unitcan result in
mechanical loadsthat the mo-
torcycle's componentsare not
designed to withstand.Damage
caused in this way is not covered
by the warranty.
Do not tamper with theengine
control unit.
Checklist
Use the followingchecklist to
check important functions, set-
tings and wear limits before you
ride off.
5
71
z
Riding
Brakes
Front and rear brakefluid levels
Clutch
Clutch fluid level
Shock absorber setting and
spring preload
Tread depth and tire inflation
pressure
Firm seating of cases and lug-
gage
At regular intervals:
Engine oil level (everytime you
refuel)
Brake pad wear (during every
third stop for refueling)
Starting
Side stand
You cannot startthe motorcy-
cle with the side standextended
and a gear engaged.The engine
will switch itselfoff if you start it
with the transmissionin neutral
and then engage a gear before
retracting the side stand.
Transmission
You can startthe engine when
the transmission isin neutral or if
you pull the clutchwith a gear
engaged.Do not engagethe
clutch until after switching on
the ignition, asotherwise the en-
gine cannot be started.When
the transmission isin neutral, the
green neutral indicatorlight is on
and the gear indicator in the mul-
tifunction display shows N.
Starting engine
Emergency ON/OFF switch 1
in operating positionA.
Switch on ignition.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 73)
ABS self-diagnosis is
performed. (73)
With OE AutomaticStability
Control (ASC):
Switch on ignition.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 73)
ABS self-diagnosis is
performed. (73)
5
72
z
Riding
ASC self-diagnosis is per-
formed. (74)
Press starter button1.
At extremely low tempera-
tures it maybe necessary
to operate the throttle twist grip
during starting.At ambient tem-
peratures below 32 °F (0 °C),
actuate the clutch after switching
on the ignition.
The startattempt is auto-
matically interruptedif bat-
tery voltage istoo low.Recharge
the battery beforeyou start the
engine, or usejump leads and a
donor battery to start.
Engine starts.
Consult the troubleshooting
chart if the engine refuses to
start. (134)
Pre-ride check
The instrument clusterruns a
test of the 'General'warning light
when the ignition isswitched on:
this is the "Pre-Ride-Check" In
the process, thewarning light
first lights upred and then yellow
to test its function.Thetest is
aborted if you startthe engine
before it completes.
Phase 1
General warning light shows
red.
CHECK! appears on the dis-
play.
Phase 2
General warning light shows
yellow.
CHECK! appears on the dis-
play.
If the 'General' warninglight does
not show:
Some malfunctions cannot
be indicatedif the 'Gener-
al' warning light cannot be dis-
played.
Check that the 'General'warning
light comeson, and that it shows
red and yellow.
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible bya spe-
cialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
ABS self-diagnosis
The readiness for operationof
the BMW MotorradIntegral ABS
is checked bythe self-diagnosis.
Self-diagnosis is performed au-
5
73
z
Riding
tomatically whenyou switch on
the ignition.To check thewheel
sensors, the motorcyclemust
drive faster than 3 mph (5 km/h).
Phase 1
Checking the diagnosable
system components while
stopped.
ABS warning light flashes.
Possible country-specif-
ic version of ABSwarning
light.
Phase 2
Checking the wheel sensors
while starting off.
ABS warning light flashes.
Possible country-specif-
ic version of ABSwarning
light.
ABS self-diagnosis
completed
The ABS warning lightgoes
out.
If an ABS fault is indicatedafter
the ABS self-diagnosisis com-
pleted:
Continue driving is possible.It
must be noted that neither the
ABS nor the integral function is
available.
Have the malfunctioncorrected
as soon as possible bya spe-
cialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
ASC self-diagnosisOE
The readiness for operation
of the BMW MotorradASC is
checked by theself-diagnosis.
Self-diagnosis is performed
automatically when you switch
on the ignition.Sothat the ASC
self-diagnosiscan be completed,
the engine must be running and
the motorcycle must drive at a
speed of at least 3 mph (5 km/h).
Phase 1
Checking diagnosable system
components while stopped.
ASC symbol flashes.
Phase 2
Checking diagnosable system
components while driving.
ASC symbol flashes.
ASC self-diagnosis
completed
ASC warning light goes out.
If an ASC fault is indicated after
ASC self-diagnosis is completed:
Continue driving is possible.It
must be noted that the ASC
function is not available.
Have the malfunctioncorrected
as soon as possible bya spe-
cialized workshop, preferably
5
74
z
Riding
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Running in
The first 600 miles
(1,000 km)
While running inthe motorcy-
cle, vary the throttleopening
and engine-speed rangefre-
quently.
Try to do most ofyour rid-
ing during this initial periodon
twisting, fairly hilly roads, avoid-
ing high-speed main roads and
highways if possible.
Exceeding the specified en-
gine speeds while running
in willlead to increased engine
wear.
Adhere to the specified engine
run-in speeds.
Do not exceedthe engine run-
in speeds.
Engine break-in speed
<7000 min-1
Do notaccelerate at fullthrot-
tle.
Avoid low engine speeds at full
load.
After 300 - 750 miles (500 -
1,200 km), havethe first in-
spection performed.
Brake pads
New brake pads must "bed
down" and therefore donot
achieve their optimum friction
levels during the first 300 miles
(500 km).This initial reduction
in braking efficiencycan be
compensated forby exerting
greater pressure on the levers.
New brake pads can ex-
tend stopping distance by a
significant margin.
Brake early.
Tires
New tires have a smoothsur-
face.This must be roughened by
riding in a restrainedmanner at
various heel anglesuntil the tires
are run in.This running in proce-
dure is essentialif the tires are to
achieve maximum grip.
New tires have not
achieved their full adhesion
yet.There is a danger of
accidents when driving at
extreme angles.
Avoid extreme angles.
Brakes
How is the shortest
braking distance
achieved?
The dynamic load distribution
between the front and rear wheel
changes during braking.The
heavier you brake, the more
the front wheelis loaded.The
5
75
z
Riding
greater the wheelload, the more
braking force can be transferred.
To achieve the shortestpossible
braking distance, the front brake
must be applied quickly and with
increasing force.This optimal-
ly utilizes the dynamicload in-
crease on the front wheel.At the
same time, the clutch should al-
so be actuated.Withthe "forced
braking" often practicedin which
the brake pressure isgenerat-
ed as quickly as possibleand
with great force, thedynamic
load distribution cannotfollow
the increaseddeceleration and
the braking forcecannot be com-
pletely transferred to the road
surface.To prevent the front
wheel from locking,the ABS sys-
tem must interveneand reduce
the brake pressure;the braking
distance increases.
Descending mountain
passes
There is adanger of the
brakes fading if you useon-
ly the rear brakeswhen descend-
ing mountain passes.Under
extreme conditions, the brakes
could overheat and suffer severe
damage.
Use both front andrear brakes,
and make useof the engine's
braking effect as well.
Wet brakes
After washing the motor-
cycle, after driving through
water or inthe rain, braking can
be delayed due to damp brake
disks and brake pads.
Brake early untilthe brakes are
dry or braked until dry.
Salt on brakes
The full braking effect can
be delayed if the motor-
cycle is riddenon salt-covered
roads and the brakesare not ap-
plied for some time.
Brake early untilthe salt layerof
the brake disks andbrake pads
has been braked off.
Oil orgrease onbrakes
Oil and greaseon the brake
disks and pads considerably
diminish braking efficiency.
Especially after repair andmain-
tenance tasks, make sure that
the brake disks andbrake pads
are free of oil andgrease.
Dirt or mud on brakes
When the motorcycle is
ridden on loosesurfaces
or muddy roads, the brakesmay
fail to take effectimmediately
5
76
z
Riding
because of dirt or moistureon
the disks or brake pads.
Brake early untilthe brakes are
braked clean.
Parking your
motorcycle
Placing on side stand
If the ground is soft or un-
even, thereis no guarantee
that the motorcyclewill rest firm-
ly on thestand.
Always check that the ground
under the stand is level and
firm.
Switch off theengine.
Pull handbrake lever.
Hold motorcycle uprightand
balanced.
Use your left footto extend
side stand fully.
The sidestand is designed
to support only the weight
of the motorcycle.
Do not leanor sit on the
motorcycle with theside stand
extended.
Slowly lean the motorcycleto
the side until its weightis taken
by the stand and dismount to
the left.
If themotorcycleis on the
side stand,the surface
of the ground will determine
whether it is better to turn the
handlebars to the leftor right.
However, the motorcycleis more
stable on a level surface with the
handlebars turnedto the left than
with the handlebars turnedto the
right.
On level ground, always turn the
handlebars to the left to set the
steering lock.
Turn handlebarsto full left or
right lock position.
Check that the motorcycleis
standing firmly.
On a grade,the motorcycle
should always face uphill;
select 1st gear.
Lock steering lock.
Remove from side stand
Unlock steering lock.
From left, grip handlebars with
both hands.
Pull handbrake lever.
Swing your right leg overthe
seat and lift motorcycle toup-
right position.
Hold motorcycle uprightand
balanced.
An extended side standcan
catch on theground when
the motorcycle ismoving and
lead to a fall.
Retract the side stand before
moving the vehicle.
Sit on motorcycle and use your
left foot to retractside stand.
5
77
z
Riding
Placing on center standOA
If the ground is soft or un-
even, thereis no guarantee
that the motorcyclewill rest firm-
ly on the stand.
Always check that the ground
under the standis level and
firm.
Switch off theengine.
Dismount and keep yourleft
hand on lefthandlebar grip.
Grasp passenger seat handle
or rear frame with yourright
hand.
Using your right foot, press
center stand towardrear until
feet rest on ground.
Place full weight of bodyon
center stand while pulling mo-
torcycle toward rear.
Excessive movements
could result in thecenter
stand retracting,and the
motorcycle wouldtopple as a
result.
Do not sit onthe motorcycle
while it is resting on thecenter
stand.
Check that the motorcycleis
standing firmly.
Lock steering lock.
Pushing off center
standOA
Unlock steering lock.
Place your left hand on left
handlebar grip.
With your righthand, grip rear
grab handle or rear frame.
Push motorcycle forward off
center stand.
Make sure thatcenter standis
fully retracted.
Refueling
Fuel is highly flammable.
Fire at the fuel tank can
result in fire andexplosion.
Do not smoke.Never bringa
naked flame near the fuel tank.
Fuel expands when ex-
posed to heat.When the
tank is overfilled,fuel canescape
and get onto therear wheel.
This results in a dangerof falling.
Do not fill the tankpast the bot-
tom edge of the fillerneck.
Fuel attacks plastic sur-
faces, making them cloudy
or unattractive.
Wipe off any fuelthat gets onto
plastic parts immediately.
Fuel can attack the material
of the windshield;it then
becomes dull or unsightly.
Wipe off any fuelthat gets onto
the windshield immediately.
Leaded fuel will destroythe
catalytic converter.
Use only unleaded fuel.
Make sure groundis level and
firm and park motorcycle.
5
78
z
Riding
Open protective cap.
Open fuel tank capwith igni-
tion key by turningit counter-
clockwise.
Refuel with quality listed below
at most until lower edge of filler
neck is reached.
Recommended fuel qual-
ity
98 ROZ/RON (Super Plus
unleaded)
95 ROZ/RON (Super unlead-
ed (fuel type can be used
with reduced performance
and consumption))
Usable fuel quantity
5 gal (19 l)
Reserve fuel quantity
1.1 gal (4l)
Press fuel tank capdown firmly
to close.
Remove key andclose protec-
tive cap.
5
79
z
Riding
5
80
z
Riding
Technology in detail
Technology in detail
Brake system with BMW Motorrad
IntegralABS. . ....................... 82
Engine management with BMW Mo-
torrad ASCOE ........................ 84
Tire Pressure ControlRDCOE ....... 85
6
81
z
Technology in detail
Brake system with
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS
Partially integral brake
Your motorcycle is equippedwith
a partially integralbrake configu-
ration.Both front and rear brakes
are applied simultaneouslywhen
you pull the handbrakelever.
The footbrake lever acts only on
the rear brake.
The BMW Motorrad IntegralABS
adapts the braking forcedistribu-
tion betweenthe front and rear
wheel brake to the loading ofthe
motorcycle during braking.
Spinning ofthe rear wheel
with the frontbrake pulled
(burn out) is made consider-
ably more difficultby the inte-
gral function.The result maybe
damage to the rearwheel brake
and the clutch.
Avoid burn-outs.
How does ABS work?
The maximum braking forcethat
can be transferredto the road
surface is partially dependent on
the friction coefficientof the road
surface.Gravel, ice, snow and
wet roads offera considerably
poorer friction coefficient than a
dry, clean asphalt surface.The
poorer the frictioncoefficient of
the road surface is, the longer
the braking distancewill be.
If the maximumtransferrable
braking force is exceeded when
the driver increasesthe brake
pressure, the wheelsbegin to
block and driving stabilityis lost,
and a fall canresult.Beforethis
situation occurs, ABS intervenes
and adjusts the brake pressure
to the maximumtransferrable
braking force.This enables the
wheels to continue to turn and
maintains driving stability regard-
less of the road surfacecondi-
tion.
What happens when
rough roads are
encountered?
Bumpy or rough roads canbriefly
lead to a loss of contactbe-
tween the tires andthe road
surface, until the transferrable
braking force is reduced to ze-
ro.If braking is carried out in this
situation, ABS must reducethe
brake pressure to ensure driv-
ing stability when restoringcon-
tact to the road.At this point in
time, the BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS must assume extremelylow
friction coefficients (gravel, ice,
snow) so that the running wheels
turn in every imaginable case and
the driving stabilityis ensured.
After detecting the actual con-
ditions, the system adjuststhe
optimum brake pressure.
6
82
z
Technology in detail
How is the BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS noticeable to
the rider?
If the ABS systemmust reduce
the braking forcesdue to the
conditions described above, then
vibrations canbe felt at thehand-
brake lever.
If the handbrake leveris pulled,
then brakingpressure is builtup
at the rear wheelwith the integral
function.If the footbrake pedalis
first actuated afterthis, the brake
pressure already builtup can be
felt earlier than the counter-pres-
sure, than whenthe footbrake
pedal is actuated before or to-
gether with the handbrakelever.
Lifting off rear wheel
Even during severe braking, a
high level of tire gripcan mean
that the front wheel doesnot
lock up until very late, if at all.
Consequently, ABSdoes not in-
tervene until very late, if at all.
Under these circumstances the
rear wheel can lift off theground,
and the outcomecan be ahigh-
siding situation in which the mo-
torcycle can flip over.
Heavy braking can leadto
the rear wheel liftingoff the
ground.
When braking, bear inmind that
the ABS controlcannot be relied
on in all circumstancesto prevent
the rear wheelfrom lifting off the
ground.
What are thedesign
characteristics of the
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS?
The BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
ensures driving stability on any
surface withinthe limits of driving
physics.The systemis not op-
timized for special requirements
resulting under extreme weath-
er conditionsoffroad or on the
racetrack.
Special situations
To detect the tendencyof the
wheels to lockup, the speeds
of the front and rear wheelare
compared.If implausible values
are detected over a longerperiod
of time, theABS functionis de-
activated for safetyreasons and
an ABS fault is indicated.The
condition fora fault message is
the completedself-diagnosis.
In addition to problems on the
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS,
unusual driving conditions can
also lead to a faultmessage.
Unusual driving conditions:
Heating up onthe main or aux-
iliary stand at idle orwith gear
engaged.
Rear wheel locked-upfor a
longer period of timeby en-
6
83
z
Technology in detail
gine brake, e.g.when riding
downhill offroad.
Should a fault messageresult
due to one of the driving condi-
tions described above, the ABS
function can be reactivated by
switching theignition off and
then on again.
How important isregular
maintenance?
Any technical system is al-
ways only as good asits
maintenance condition.
To ensure that theBMW Motor-
rad ABS is in anoptimally main-
tained condition,it is vital thatthe
specified inspection intervals be
complied with.
Reserves for safety
But remember:the potentially
shorter braking distanceswhich
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS per-
mits must not be used as an ex-
cuse for careless riding.ABSis
primarily a means of ensuring a
safety margin in genuineemer-
gencies.
Take care when cornering.When
you apply the brakeson a cor-
ner, the motorcycle'sweight and
momentum takeover and even
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS is
unable to counteract their effects.
Engine management
with BMW Motorrad
ASCOE
How does ASC work?
The BMW Motorrad ASC com-
pares the wheel speeds of the
front and rear wheel.Fromthe
speed differencethe slip, and
with it the stabilityreserves on
the rear wheelare determined.
When a slip limit isexceeded, the
engine torqueis adapted bythe
engine management system.
What are thedesign
characteristics of the
BMW Motorrad ASC?
The BMW Motorrad ASC is an
assistance systemfor the driv-
er and isdesigned for driving on
public roads.Especially in at the
limits of driving physics,the driv-
er has a considerableinfluence
on the controloptions of the
ASC (shiftingweight in curves,
loose loads).Thesystem is not
optimized for specialrequire-
ments resulting under extreme
weather conditionsoffroad or on
the racetrack.The BMWMotor-
rad ASC can bedeactivated for
these cases.
Even with ASC, physical
laws cannot be overridden.
The driver is always responsible
for adapting his/her drivingstyle.
Do not reduce theadditional
safety provided with risky
driving.
6
84
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Technology in detail
Special situations
At an increasingangle, the accel-
eration performance is increas-
ingly limited in accordancewith
physical laws.This can resultin
delayed acceleration when com-
ing out of very tightcurves.
To detect spinningor slipping
away of the rearwheel, the
speeds of the front and
rear wheel are compared.If
implausible valuesare detected
over a longer periodof time, the
ASC function is deactivated for
safety reasons and an ASCfault
is indicated.Thecondition for a
fault messageis the completed
self-diagnosis.
In the following unusual driving
states, the BMW Motorrad ASC
can be automaticallydeactivated.
Unusual driving conditions:
Driving on the rear wheel
(wheely) for a longerperiod
with ASC deactivated.
Rear wheel spinningin place
with front brake pulled (burn
out).
Heating up onthe main or aux-
iliary stand at idle orwith gear
engaged.
The ASC is reactivated by
switching the ignitionon and
off and then drivingat a speed
above 10 km/h.
If the front wheelloses contact
to the groundduring extreme
acceleration,the ASC reduces
the engine torqueuntil the front
wheel touchesthe ground again.
In this case,BMW Motorrad
recommends turning backthe
throttle twist grip somewhat to
achieve a stabledriving state
again as quickly as possible.
On a slippery surface,the throttle
twist grip shouldnever be sud-
denly turned back completely
without pull the clutchat the
same time.The engine braking
torque can cause the rear wheel
to block, resulting in an unstable
driving state.This case cannot
be controlledby the BWMMo-
torrad ASC.
Tire Pressure Control
RDCOE
Function
A sensor is locatedin each tire,
which measuresthe air temper-
ature and the inflationpressure
inside the tire andsends these
values to the control unit.
The sensors are equippedwith
a centrifugal controller,which
does not enable thetransmis-
sion of the measured valuesun-
til a speed of approx.20mph
(30 km/h) is reached.Before ini-
tial receptionof the tire inflation
pressure, -- is shown in thedis-
play for each tire.The sensors
continue to transmit the mea-
6
85
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Technology in detail
sured values for approx.15 min-
utes after the motorcyclecomes
to a stop.
The control unit canmanage four
sensors, and as a resulttwo sets
of wheels with RDCsensors can
be driven.If a RDC control unit
is installed, howeverthe wheels
have no sensors,then an error
message is output.
Temperature
compensation
The tire inflation pressures are
shown temperature-compensat-
ed in the multifunctiondisplay;
they refer to a tire air tempera-
ture of 68 °F (20°C). As the air-
pressure testers at fillingstations
show a temperature-dependent
tire inflation pressure,they do
not match the values indicatedin
the multifunctiondisplay in most
cases.
Tire inflation pressure
ranges
The RDC controlunit distinguish-
es between threetire inflation
pressure ranges matched tothe
motorcycle:
Inflation pressurewithin the
permissible tolerance.
Inflation pressureat the limits
of the permissibletolerance.
Inflation pressure outside the
permissible tolerance.
6
86
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Technology in detail
Accessories
Accessories
General instructions.................. 88
Onboard socket...................... 88
Luggage ............................. 89
CaseOA .............................. 90
Flat tire kitOA ........................ 93
7
87
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Accessories
General instructions
BMW Motorrad recommends
the use of partsand accessories
for your motorcyclethat are ap-
proved by BMW for thispurpose.
Your authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer is the right place to go
for genuine BMW parts andac-
cessories,other BMW-approved
products, and expert adviceon
their installation and use.
These parts and products have
been testedby BMW for safety,
function and suitability.BMW
accepts productliability for these
products.
Conversely,BMWis unable to
accept any liability whatsoever
for parts and accessorieswhich it
has not approved.
BMW Motorrad cannot ex-
amine ortest each product
of outside origin toensure that it
can be usedon or in connection
with BMW motorcycleswithout
constituting a safety hazard.Nor
is this guarantee provided when
the official approvalof a specific
country has been granted.Tests
conducted bythese instances
cannot make provision for all op-
erating conditions experienced by
BMW motorcyclesand, conse-
quently, they are not sufficient in
some circumstances.
Use only parts and accessories
approved by BMWfor your
motorcycle.
Whenever you are planningmod-
ifications, complywith all the le-
gal requirements.The motorcy-
cle must notinfringe on national
road-vehicle construction and
use regulations.
Onboard socket
Ratings
When the battery voltage is in-
sufficient, andwhen the max-
imum loading capacity of the
standard onboard socket1and
the additional socket (OE) is ex-
ceeded, these sockets are auto-
matically switched off.
Operating electrical
accessories
You can start using electricalac-
cessories only whenthe ignition
is switched on.The accessory
remains operational if theigni-
7
88
z
Accessories
tion is subsequentlyswitchedoff.
Approx.15 minutes after switch-
ing off the ignitionand/or during
starting, the onboard socket is
switched off to takethe load off
the motorcycle electricalsystem.
Cable routing
The cables from the onboard
socket to the auxiliarydevice
must be routed in such a way
that they:
Do not impede therider
Do not restrict or obstructthe
steering angle and handling
characteristics
Cannot be trapped
Improperly routed cables
can impedethe rider.
Route the cables as described
above.
Luggage
Correct loading
Overloading and imbal-
anced loads can adversely
affect the motorcycle's handling.
Do not exceedthe gross weight
limit and observe the loading
information.
Adjust setting of spring
preload, damping characteristic
and tire inflation pressures to
suit total weight.
Adjusting spring preload for
rear wheel (60)
Checking tire pressure (64)
Adjusting damping on rear
wheel (61)
Ensure that case volumes on
left and right are equal.
Make sure thatweight is uni-
formly distributed between
right and left.
Pack heavy items of luggage
downwards and inwards.
Observe maximum payload of
case and correspondingtop
speed.
Payload of case
With OA Case:
18 lbs (8 kg)
Speed limit for driving
with case
With OA Case:
112 mph (180 km/h)
Observe maximum payload of
tank rucksack and correspond-
ing top speed.
Payload of tank rucksack
With OA Tank rucksack:
11 lbs (5 kg)
7
89
z
Accessories
Speed limit for driving
with tank rucksack
With OA Tank rucksack:
81 mph (130 km/h)
Observe maximum payload of
tank bag and corresponding
top speed.
Payload of tank bag
With OA Tank bag:
11 lbs (5 kg)
Speed limit for driving
with tank bag
With OA Tank bag:
81 mph (130 km/h)
CaseOA
Release levers
There is a release lever on the
left and right of eachcase lock.
The gray lever marked OPEN
is used to open and close the
cases.
The black lever marked
RELEASEis used to removeand
attach the cases.
Opening case
Turn lock barrel in direction
OPEN.
Pull gray release lever (OPEN)
upward.
Lock straps 1open.
Pull gray release lever (OPEN)
upward again.
Pull case lid 2out of retainer.
7
90
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Accessories
Closing case
Press catches 1of case lid into
retainers 2.
The catchescan be heard to
lock into place.
Press catches of lockstraps
into locking devices 2.
The catchescan be heard to
lock into place.
Make sure catchesare secure.
Adjusting case volume
Close case lid.
Turn lock strapbuckles 1of
lock straps outward.
Pull out the lock straps up-
wards.
The maximum volume has
been set.
Close lock straps.
Press lock straps againstcase
body.
The case volume is adaptedto
the contents.
7
91
z
Accessories
Removing case
Turn lock barrel in direction
RELEASE.
Pull black release lever (RE-
LEASE) upward.
Pull case out of upper mount-
ing.
Lift case out of lower mount-
ing.
Mounting case
Turn lock barrel in direction
RELEASE.
Hook case into lower mount-
ing 2.
7
92
z
Accessories
Pull black release lever (RE-
LEASE) upward.
Press case into upper mount-
ing 3.
Press black release lever (RE-
LEASE) downward.
Case is lockedinto place.
Lock case.
Check secure locking.
Secure hold
If a casewobblesor is difficultto
fit, it must be adapted to the gap
between the upperand lower
mounting.To achieve this, the
height of the lower bracketon
the case can bechanged.
Adapting case
Open case.
Unfasten screws 1.
Adjust height of bracket.
Tighten screws 1.
Flat tire kitOA
Use
The space for theflat tire kit is
located underthe left-hand side
panel.
The repair procedure andsafety
precautions are containedin the
description included with in the
flat tire kit.
Removing flat tire kit
Make sure groundis leveland
firm and park motorcycle.
Removing seat (65)
Remove screws 1.
Removing side panel.
To protectthe side panel
from scratches,lay it on the
seat.
Open the securing strap and
remove the flat tire kit.
7
93
z
Accessories
7
94
z
Accessories
Maintenance
Maintenance
General instructions.................. 96
Toolkit ............................... 96
Engine oil ............................ 97
Generalbrakesystem ................ 99
Brakepads. . . ....................... 99
Brake fluid......................... 101
Clutch ............................. 103
Tires ............................... 104
Rims ............................... 104
Wheels ............................ 105
Front wheel stand................. 111
Rear-wheel stand .................. 113
Lamps ............................. 114
Jump-starting. ..................... 123
Battery ............................. 124
8
95
z
Maintenance
General instructions
The 'Maintenance'chapter de-
scribes work involving the check-
ing and replacementof wear
parts that can beperformed with
a minimum of effort.
If special tightening torquesare
to be takeninto account for
assembly, theseare listed.An
overview of all required tightening
torques is containedin the
chapter "Technical Data".
Information on additional mainte-
nance and repair work is provid-
ed in the RepairManual for your
motorcycle on DVD/CD-ROM
(RepROM), which you can ob-
tain from your authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Special tools anda thorough
knowledge of motorcycles are
required to carryout some ofthe
work described here.If you are
in doubt, consulta certified work-
shop, preferablyyour authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Toolkit
Standard toolkit
1 Screwdriver, reversible
blade
Removing and installingturn
indicator glasses
Disconnecting battery terminals
2 Torx wrench, T25
Removing and installingbody
panels
Removing and installingbattery
retaining strap
3 Screwdriver, small
Removing and installingturn
indicator glasses
Onboard-toolkit service
set
Your BMW Motorrad retailerof-
fers the onboard-toolkitservice
set for additional work.
Information on conducting this
work is providedin the Repair
Manual on DVD/CD-ROM,which
is also availablefrom your BMW
Motorrad retailer.
8
96
z
Maintenance
1 Pull-out tool holder
Holding of all toolswith adapter
Removing and installingspark
plugs
2 1/4" bits
5x Torx, e.g.removing and in-
stalling rear wheel
2x Phillips
1x Straight-blade
3 3/8" Allen key, 22 mm
Removing and installingfront
axle
4 Flashlight
LED technology
5 Socket wrench
3x open-ended wrench, e.g.
removing and installing battery
terminals
6 Adapter
Mount for 1/4" bits
9x12 mm and 3/8" jointed
adapter
Engine oil
Checking engine oil level
The enginecan seizeif the
oil level is low, and this can
lead to accidents.
Always make surethat the oil
level is correct.
After longer motorcycle im-
mobilization periods, en-
gine oil can collectin the oil pan;
this must be pumped into the oil
tank before the readingis taken.
Here, the engine oil must be at
operating temperature.Checking
the oil level with theengine cold
or after a short tripleads to mis-
interpretations and therefore to
incorrect oil fill quantities.
To ensure that thedisplay of the
engine oil level is correct,only
check the oil level after a longer
trip.
Make sure groundis leveland
firm and holdmotorcycle at op-
erating temperature vertically.
With OA Center stand:
Make sure groundis leveland
firm and place motorcycleat
operating temperature on its
center stand.
Let the enginerun in neutral
for one minute.
Switch off ignition.
8
97
z
Maintenance
Read off the oil level from the
display 1.Specified level of engine
oil
between MINand MAX
marking
If oil level is below MIN mark:
Topping up engineoil (98)
If the oil level is above the MAX
mark:
Draining engine oil (99)
Topping up engineoil
Removing seat (65)
Both too little and too
much engine oil can lead to
engine damage.
Always makesure that the oil
level is correct.
Wipe area around fill location
clean.
Remove cap fromoil fill loca-
tion 1by turning counterclock-
wise.
Add engine oil up to specified
level.
Checking engine oil level
( 97)
8
98
z
Maintenance
Install cap of oil fill location1
by turning clockwise.
Installing seat (66)
Draining engine oil
Removing seat (65)
Both too little and too
much engine oil can lead to
engine damage.
Always makesure that the oil
level is correct.
Press retainer of clearhose 2
on left andright and pull out of
oil tank upwards.
Pull clear hose downward out
of frame and drainengine oil
into a suitable containeruntil
specified level is reached.
Insert the clearhose in the oil
tank and lock into place.
Store or dispose of excessen-
gine oil in line withsound envi-
ronmental principles.
Installing seat (66)
General brake system
Operating safety
A fully functional brakesystem is
a basic requirementfor the road
safety of your motorcycle.
Do not ride the motorcycleif you
have any doubtsabout the de-
pendability of thebrake system.
In this case,have the brake sys-
tem checked bya specialized
workshop, preferably by an au-
thorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Incorrect working practices
endanger the reliabilityof
the brakes.
Have all workon the brake sys-
tem performedby a specialized
workshop, preferably by an au-
thorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Checking brake operation
Pull handbrake lever.
Pressure point must be clearly
perceptible.
Press footbrakelever.
Pressure point must be clearly
perceptible.
Brake pads
Checking front brake pad
thickness
Dropping below the mini-
mum pad thickness leads
to reduced braking performance
and may result in damage to the
brakes.
In order to ensure the operating
8
99
z
Maintenance
reliability ofthe brake system,
make sure thatthe brake pads
are not worn beyondtheir mini-
mum thickness.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Visually inspect the left and
right brake pads toascertain
their thickness.Direction of
view:between wheel and front
suspension at brake caliper.
Front brake-pad wear
limit
Min 0.04 in (Min1 mm) (On-
ly friction material without
carrier plate)
Wear markings (grooves)
must be clearlyvisible.
If the wear indicatingmark is no
longer clearly visible:
Have the brake pads replaced
by a specializedworkshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Checking rear brake pad
thickness
Dropping below the mini-
mum pad thickness leads
to reduced braking performance
and may result in damage to the
brakes.
In order to ensure the operating
reliability of the brake system,
make sure that the brake pads
are not worn beyondtheir mini-
mum thickness.
Make sure groundis level and
firm and park motorcycle.
8
100
z
Maintenance
Perform a visual inspectionof
the brake pad thicknessfrom
the right.
Rear brake-pad wear limit
Min 0.04 in (Min1 mm) (On-
ly friction material without
carrier plate)
Brake disk must not be vis-
ible through borehole of in-
ner brake pad.
If brake diskis visible:
Have the brake pads replaced
by a specializedworkshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Brake fluid
Checking front brake fluid
level
A low fluid level inthe
brake reservoir can allow air
to penetrate the brakesystem.
This significantly reducesbraking
efficiency.
Check brake fluid level
regularly.
Make sure groundis level and
firm and holdmotorcycle verti-
cally.
With OA Center stand:
Make sure groundis level and
firm and place motorcycleon
its center stand.
Move handlebars into straight-
ahead position.
Read off brake fluidlevel at
brake-fluid reservoir 1.
In the eventof brake pad
wear, the brake fluidlevel in
the brake-fluid reservoirfalls.
8
101
z
Maintenance
Front brake fluid level
Brake fluid DOT4
The brake fluidlevel must
not fall belowthe MIN mark.
(Brake-fluid reservoir horizon-
tal)
If brake fluid level drops below
permissible level:
Have the defect corrected as
soon as possibleby a special-
ized workshop, preferablyan
authorized BMW Motorrad re-
tailer.
Checking rear brake fluid
level
A low fluid level inthe
brake reservoir can allowair
to penetrate the brakesystem.
This significantly reducesbraking
efficiency.
Check brake fluid level
regularly.
Make sure groundis level and
firm and hold motorcycle verti-
cally.
With OA Center stand:
Make sure groundis level and
firm and place motorcycleon
its center stand.
Read off brake fluidlevel at
brake-fluid reservoir 1.
In the eventof brake pad
wear, the brake fluidlevel in
the brake-fluid reservoirfalls.
8
102
z
Maintenance
Rear brake fluid level
Brake fluid DOT4
The brake fluid levelmust
not fall belowthe MIN mark.
(Brake-fluid reservoir horizon-
tal)
If brake fluid level drops below
permissible level:
Have the defect corrected as
soon as possibleby a special-
ized workshop, preferablyan
authorizedBMW Motorrad re-
tailer.
Clutch
Checking clutch operation
Pull the clutch lever.
Pressure point must be clearly
perceptible.
If no clear pressure point can be
felt:
Have the clutch checked by a
specialized workshop, prefer-
ably an authorized BMWMo-
torrad retailer.
Checking clutch fluid level
Make sure groundis level and
firm and holdmotorcycle verti-
cally.
With OA Center stand:
Make sure groundis level and
firm and place motorcycleon
its center stand.
Move handlebars into straight-
ahead position.
Read off clutch fluidlevel at
clutch fluid reservoir 1.
The fluid level inthe clutch
fluid reservoirrises due to
clutch wear.
8
103
z
Maintenance
Clutch fluid level
The clutch fluidlevel must
not drop.
If fluid level drops:
Unsuitable hydraulic fluids
could cause damage to the
clutch system.
No fluids may be poured in.
Have the defect corrected as
soon as possibleby a special-
ized workshop, preferablyan
authorized BMW Motorrad re-
tailer.
The clutchsystem is filled
with a specialhydraulic fluid
that does not require changing.
Tires
Measuring tire tread
depth
The handlingof your mo-
torcycle can alreadychange
for the worse beforethe legally
prescribed minimum tread depth
is reached.
Have tires replaced even be-
fore the minimum treaddepth
is reached.
Make sure groundis level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Measure tire tread depthin
main tread grooves with wear
indicating marks.
Tires have wear indicators
integrated into the main
tread grooves.If thetire tread
has worn downto the levelof
the marks, thetire is completely
worn.The locations of themarks
are indicated onthe edge of the
tire, e.g.by the lettersTI, TWI or
by an arrow.
When the minimum tread depth
is reached:
Replace tires concerned.
Rims
Visual inspection
Make sure groundis level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Visually inspect rimsfor de-
fects.
Have damaged rims checked
and, if necessary, replaced by
a specialized workshop,prefer-
ably an authorized BMWMo-
torrad retailer.
8
104
z
Maintenance
Wheels
Recommended tires
For every size oftire, BMW Mo-
torrad has tested and approved
certain makes as roadworthy.
BMW Motorrad cannot evaluate
the suitability ofother tires, and
can therefore take noresponsibil-
ity for their driving safety.
BMW Motorrad recommends
only using the tires tested and
approved by BMWMotorrad.
Extensive information is available
at your authorizedBMW Motor-
rad retailer or onthe Internet at
www.bmw-motorrad.com.
TPC stickerOE
The TPC sensors can be
damaged by improper tire
mounting.
Inform the BMW Motorradretail-
er or the specializedworkshop
that thewheel is equippedwitha
TPC sensor.
On motorcycles equipped with
TPC, a correspondingsticker is
located onthewheel rimat the
position of the TPCsensor.Dur-
ing a tire change it must be en-
sured that the TPC sensor is not
damaged.Inform the BMWMo-
torrad retaileror the specialized
workshop of the TPCsensor.
Removing front wheel
Place motorcycle on an auxil-
iary stand; BMW Motorrad rec-
ommends BMW Motorradrear
wheel stand.
Installing rear-wheel stand
( 113)
With OA Center stand:
Make sure groundis leveland
firm and place motorcycleon
its center stand.
Remove screws 1on left and
right.
8
105
z
Maintenance
Pull out front mudguardtoward
front.
Once the calipers have
been removed, there is
a risk of the brake padsbeing
pressed together to the extent
that they cannot be slipped back
over the brake disk on reassem-
bly.
Do not operate thehandbrake
lever when the brakecalipers
have been removed.
Remove mounting bolts 3of
brake calipers on left and right.
Press brake pads in brake
caliper 4somewhat apart with
rotary movements Aagainst
brake disks 5.
Mask off area ofwheel rim that
could be scratchedin process
of removing brake calipers.
Carefully pull brake calipers
back and out until clearof
brake disks.
When pulling offleft brake
caliper, make sure thatABS
sensor cable is not damaged.
Raise front of motorcycleuntil
the front wheel can turn freely.
BMW Motorrad recommends
the BMW Motorradfront-wheel
stand for lifting themotorcycle.
Mounting front wheel stand
( 112)
The left axle clamping
screw fixes the threaded
bush in place inthe front
suspension.A poorly aligned
threaded bushresults in incorrect
spacing between theABS sensor
ring and the ABS sensor, and
therefor to ABS malfunctionsor
destruction of theABS sensor.
To ensure the properalignment
of the threadedbush, do not
8
106
z
Maintenance
loosen or remove theleft axle
clamping screw.
Remove right-hand axle clamp-
ing screw 6.
Remove quick-release axle 7,
holding wheel as you do so.
Place the front wheelin the
front wheel guide onthe
ground.
The ABS sensorcan be
damaged when rolling out
the front wheel.
Watch the ABS sensor when
rolling out the front wheel.
Roll front wheel forwardto re-
move.
Installing front wheel
ABS malfunctions due to
incorrect speed signals.
There are differently segment-
ed sensor wheels which may not
be interchanged.Only install the
correct sensor wheelfor the cor-
responding construction status.
Threaded fasteners not
tightened tothe specified
torque can work loose or their
threads can suffer damage.
Always have the tightening
torques checked by a specialized
workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
The front wheel must be
installed rightway round to
rotate in thecorrect direction.
Observe the directionof rota-
tion arrows on the tires or on the
rim.
During the following work,
parts of the front brake,in
particular of the BMWMotorrad
Integral ABS,can be damaged.
Take care notto damagethe
brake system, in particularthe
ABS sensor with cable and the
ABS sensor ring.
Roll front wheel into front
wheel guide.
Lift front wheel and install
quick-release axle 7with
torque.
Quick-release axle in
threaded bush
37 lb/ft (50 Nm)
Tighten the right-hand axle
clamping screw 6with the
specified torque.
8
107
z
Maintenance
Clamping screw on
quick-release axle in
wheel carrier
14 lb/ft (19 Nm)
Remove front wheelstand.
Ease brake calipers onto brake
disks.
The cable of theABS sen-
sor could chafe through if
it comes into contact with the
brake disk.
Make sure thatABS sensor cable
is routed correctly.
Carefully route ABSsensor ca-
ble.When doing so, make sure
ABS sensorcable is clipped
into retainingclips 8.
Install securing screws 3on left
and right with specifiedtorque.
Front brake caliper on
wheel carrier
22 lb/ft (30 Nm)
Remove adhesivetape from
wheel rim.
Press handbrake lever firmly
a number of times untilresis-
tance point is felt.
Install front mudguard and
screws 1on left and right.
Remove rear wheelstand if
necessary.
Removing rear wheel
Place motorcycle on an auxil-
iary stand; BMW Motorrad rec-
ommends BMW Motorradrear
wheel stand.
Installing rear-wheel stand
( 113)
With OA Center stand:
Make sure groundis level and
firm and place motorcycleon
its center stand.
8
108
z
Maintenance
Remove bolt 1ofmuffler cov-
er 2.
Pull cover towards rear.
Remove clamp 3on muffler.
Do not removesealing grease
from clamp.
Remove screw 4for brack-
et of muffler frompassenger
footrest.
Turn muffler outward.
Shift into first gear.
Remove mounting bolts 5of
rear wheel, holding wheel as
you do so.
When usingthe BMW Motor-
rad rear wheel stand:remove
the lock washer.
Lower rearwheel to ground.
Roll rear wheel outtoward rear.
When usingthe BMW Motor-
rad rear wheel stand:remount
the lock washer.
Installing rear wheel
When usingthe BMW Motor-
rad rear wheel stand:remove
the lock washer.
8
109
z
Maintenance
Roll rear wheel into rear wheel
support.
Place rear wheelon rear wheel
support.
When usingthe BMW Motor-
rad rear wheel stand:remount
the lock washer.
Threaded fasteners not
tightened tothe specified
torque can work loose or their
threads can suffer damage.
Always have the tightening
torques checked by a specialized
workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Mount wheel bolts 5and tight-
en diagonally with specified
torque.
Rear wheel on wheel
flange
Tightening sequence:Tight-
en diagonally
44 lb/ft (60 Nm)
Turn muffler toits initial posi-
tion.
Install screw 4for muffler
bracket in rear footrest, but do
not tighten it at this point.
Align clamp 3on muffler with
marking A(arrow) on lambda
probe B.
Tighten clamp 3on muffler to
appropriate torque.
Muffler on manifold
26 lb/ft (35 Nm)
8
110
z
Maintenance
If the gap betweenthe rear
wheel andthe muffler is too
small, the rear wheel can over-
heat.
The gap between therear wheel
and the muffler must be at least
10 mm.
Tighten screw 4for bracket of
muffler on passenger footrest
with appropriatetorque.
Muffler on passenger
footrest
16 lb/ft (22 Nm)
Push muffler cover 2with
guides Ainto brackets B.
Install bolt 1of muffler cover 2.
Remove rear wheelstand if
necessary.
Front wheel stand
Use
A front-wheel standfor simple,
safe changing of thefront wheel
is availablefrom BMW Motor-
rad.The front wheel stand with
the BMW specialtool number
36 3 971can be obtained from
your authorized BMW Motor-
rad retailer.You also need the
adapters with the BMW special
tool number 36 3 973.
The BMW Motorrad front
wheel stand is not designed
for holding motorcycleswithout a
center or other auxiliarystands.A
motorcycle standingon the front
wheel stand and therear wheel
alone can fall over.
Place the motorcycle on the cen-
ter stand or an auxiliary stand
before liftingit with the BMW
Motorrad front wheel stand.
8
111
z
Maintenance
Mounting front wheel
stand
Place motorcycle on an auxil-
iary stand; BMW Motorrad rec-
ommends BMW Motorradrear
wheel stand.
With OA Center stand:
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycleon
its center stand.
Loosen adjusting screws 1.
Push two mounting pins 2far
enough apart that front sus-
pension fits between them.
Use locating pins 3to set front
wheel stand to desired height.
Center front wheel stand rela-
tive to front wheel and push it
against front axle.
Push two mounting pins 2
through triangles of brake
caliper support toward inside
so that front wheel can still be
rolled through.
With BMW ABS the ABS
sensor ringcan be dam-
aged.
Only push the mounting pinso
far inward thatit does not touch
the sensor ring of theBMW
ABS.
Tighten adjusting screws 1.
If themotorcycleis resting
on the centerstand:The
motorcycle is raised too far at the
front, the centerstand lifts off the
ground and the motorcyclecan
tip over to the side.
When raisingthe motorcycle,
make sure that the center stand
remains on the ground.
Apply uniform pressure to push
front wheel standdown and
raise motorcycle.
8
112
z
Maintenance
Rear-wheel stand
Use
In order to be able to work safe-
ly on motorcycleswithout cen-
ter stands, BMW Motorradof-
fers a rear wheel stand.Thisrear
wheel stand with theBMW spe-
cial tool number 36 3 980 can
be obtained from your authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Installing rear-wheel
stand
Set the desired height of the
rear wheel stand usingthe
bolts 1.
Remove the lockwasher 2;to
do so, press theunlock but-
ton 3.
Push the rear wheelstand from
the left into therear axle.
Apply the retainingdisk from
the right; todo so, press the
unlock button.
Place your left hand on the
left grab handleof the motor-
cycle 4and your righthand
on the lever ofthe rear wheel
stand 5.
Raise motorcyclewhile simul-
taneously pressing lever down-
ward until motorcycle stands
vertically.
Press lever onto ground.
8
113
z
Maintenance
Lamps
General instructions
The failure ofa bulb is signaled
in the display by the lamp de-
fect symbol.If the brake or tail
light fails, the symbolis accom-
panied by the 'General' warning
light, which lights up yellow.If
the tail lightfails the second fil-
ament of the brake light shines
at reducedbrightness to double
as a tail light.Even thoughyou
have this substitute tail light, the
indicators in thedisplay tell you
that a bulb defect hasoccurred.
A defective bulbplaces
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carrya
complete set of sparebulbs if
possible.
The bulbis pressurized and
can cause injury if dam-
aged.
Wear eye and handprotection
when replacing bulbs.
An overview of thebulb
types installedin your mo-
torcycle is providedin the chap-
ter "Technical Data".
Do not touch theglass of
new bulbs with yourfin-
gers.For installation, use aclean,
dry cloth.Dirt deposits,in par-
ticular oil and grease, interfere
with heat radiation fromthe bulb.
Overheating and therefore short
service life of thebulbs are the
consequence.
Replacing low-beam bulb
If it is notstanding firmly,
the motorcycle could topple
in the courseof the operations
described below.
Make sure thatthe motorcycle is
steady on its stand.
Make sure groundis level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Switch off ignition.
To achieve better accessi-
bility, turn the handlebars to
the left.
Release cover 1by turning
counterclockwiseand remove
it.
8
114
z
Maintenance
Disconnect plug 2.
Remove spring wire brackets3
from their detentson left and
right and fold them up.
Remove bulb 4.
Replace defective bulb.
Bulb for low-beamhead-
light
H7/12V/55W
Install bulb 4while making sure
that lug 5is facing upward.
Secure spring strap 3on left
and right in catch.
8
115
z
Maintenance
Close connector 2.
Install cover 1by turning clock-
wise.
Replacing high-beam bulb
If it is notstanding firmly,
the motorcycle could topple
in the courseof the operations
described below.
Make sure thatthe motorcycleis
steady on its stand.
Make sure groundis level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Switch off ignition.
To achieve better accessi-
bility, turn the handlebars to
the left.
Release cover 1by turning
counterclockwiseand remove
it.
Disconnect plug 2.
8
116
z
Maintenance
Remove spring wire brackets3
from their detentson left and
right and fold them up.
Remove bulb 4.
Replace defective bulb.
Bulb for high-beam
headlight
H7/12V/55W
Install bulb 4while making sure
that lug 5is facing upward.
Secure spring strap 3on left
and right in catch.
Close connector 2.
8
117
z
Maintenance
Install cover 1by turning clock-
wise.
Replacing parking light
bulb
If it is notstanding firmly,
the motorcycle could topple
in the courseof the operations
described below.
Make sure thatthe motorcycleis
steady on its stand.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Switch off ignition.
Pull off connector1below
headlight.
Remove bulb holder 2from
headlight housing by turning it
counterclockwise.
Remove bulb 3from bulb hold-
er.
Replace defective bulb.
Bulb for parkinglight
W5W / 12 V / 5 W
Install bulb 3in bulb socket 2.
Install bulb socketin headlight
housing by turning clockwise.
Close connector 1below head-
light.
Replacing brake and tail
light bulb
If it is notstanding firmly,
the motorcycle could topple
in the course ofthe operations
described below.
Make sure thatthe motorcycle is
steady on its stand.
Make sure groundis level and
firm and park motorcycle.
8
118
z
Maintenance
Switch off ignition.
Removing seat (65)
Remove screw 1.
Pull bulb housing toward rear
until it is clear of holders 2.
Turn bulb holder 3counter-
clockwise toremove it from
bulb housing.
Press bulb 4into fitting 5and
remove it byturning it counter-
clockwise.
Replace defective bulb.
Bulb for taillight/brake
light
P21W / 12 V/ 21 W
Press bulb 4into fitting 5and
install it by turningit clockwise.
8
119
z
Maintenance
Install bulb socket 3in lamp
housing by turning clockwise.
Insert lamp housingin brack-
ets 2.
Install screw 1.
Installing seat (66)
Replacing front turn
indicator bulbs
If it is notstanding firmly,
the motorcycle could topple
in the courseof the operations
described below.
Make sure thatthe motorcycleis
steady on its stand.
If it is notstanding firmly,
the motorcycle could topple
in the courseof the operations
described below.
Make sure thatthe motorcycle is
steady on its stand.
Make sure groundis level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Switch off ignition.
Remove screw 1.
8
120
z
Maintenance
Pull lamp housing on screw
connection side outof mirror
housing.
Remove bulb holder 2from
lamp housing by turning it
counterclockwise.
Remove bulb 3from bulb hold-
er.
Replacing defective bulb
Bulbs for flashing turn
indicators, front
W16W / 12 V /16 W
Install bulb 3in bulb socket 2.
Install bulb socketin lamp
housing by turning clockwise.
Insert lamp housingin mirror
housing.
Install screw 1.
8
121
z
Maintenance
Replacing rear turn
indicator bulbs
If it is notstanding firmly,
the motorcycle could topple
in the courseof the operations
described below.
Make sure thatthe motorcycleis
steady on its stand.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Switch off ignition.
Remove screw 1.
Pull lamp housing on screw
connection side outof turn in-
dicator housing.
Press bulb 2into fitting 3and
remove it byturning it counter-
clockwise.
Replace defective bulb.
Bulbs for flashing turn
indicators, rear
R10W / 12 V /10 W
Press the bulb 2into the fit-
ting 3and install it byturning it
clockwise.
8
122
z
Maintenance
Insert lamp glass in turn indica-
tor housing.
Install screw 1.
Jump-starting
The wires leading to the
power socketdo not have
a load-capacity ratingadequate
for jump-startingthe engine.Ex-
cessively high current can lead
to a cablefire or damageto the
motorcycle electronics.
Do not use theonboard socket
to jump-start the engineof the
motorcycle.
Touching live parts ofthe
ignition system with the
engine running can causeelectric
shock.
Do not touch partsof the igni-
tion system when the engineis
running.
A short-circuit canresult
if the crocodile clips of
the jump leadsare accidental-
ly broughtinto contact withthe
motorcycle.
Use only jump leads fitted with
fully insulated crocodile clips at
both ends.
Jump-startingwith a donor-
battery voltage higherthan
12 V can damagethe motorcycle
electronics.
The battery ofthe donor vehicle
must have a voltageof 12 V.
When jump-startingthe engine,
do not disconnectthe battery
from the onboardelectrical sys-
tem.
Removing battery compartment
cover (125)
Run engine of donorvehicle
during jump-starting.
Begin by connectingone end
of red jump lead to positive ter-
minal of dischargedbattery and
other end to positive terminal
of donor battery.
Then connectone end of black
jumper lead to negativetermi-
nal of donor battery,and other
8
123
z
Maintenance
end to negative terminalof dis-
charged battery.
Start the engine of the vehi-
cle with the dischargedbattery
in the usual way; ifthe engine
does not start, wait a fewmin-
utes before repeating the at-
tempt in order to protect the
starter motor andthe donor
battery.
Allow both enginesto idle for a
few minutes before disconnect-
ing jump leads.
Disconnect jumplead from
negative terminals first, then
disconnect second lead from
positive terminals.
Installing battery compartment
cover (126)
Battery
Maintenance instructions
Correct upkeep, recharging and
storage will prolong the life of
the battery and areessential if
warranty claims are to be consid-
ered.
Compliance withthe points be-
low is importantin order to maxi-
mize battery life:
Keep the surfaceof the battery
clean and dry
Do not open thebattery
Do not top upwith water
Be sure to read and comply
with the instructions forcharg-
ing the batteryon the following
pages
Do not turn the batteryupside
down
If the battery is not discon-
nected, the onboard elec-
tronics (clock etc.)will drain the
battery.This can causethe bat-
tery to run flat.If this happens,
warranty claims will not beac-
cepted.
During periodswhen the motor-
cycle is notbeing used,of more
than four weeks, disconnect the
battery from the motorcycle or
connect a trickle charger to the
battery.
BMW Motorrad has devel-
oped a trickle-charger spe-
cially designed for compatibility
with the electronicsof your mo-
torcycle.Using this charger, you
can keep the battery charged
during long periods when the
motorcycle is not being used
without having to disconnect the
battery from the motorcycle's
onboard systems.Additional in-
formationis availableat yourau-
thorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
8
124
z
Maintenance
Charging connected
battery
Charging the connected
battery directly at the bat-
tery terminals can damage the
motorcycle electronics.
To charge thebattery via the
battery terminals, disconnectthe
battery first.
If you switch onthe igni-
tion and the multifunction
display and indicatorlights fail to
light up, the battery iscomplete-
ly flat.Attemptingto charge a
completely flatbattery via the on-
board socket can cause damage
to the motorcycle'selectronics.
Always chargea completely
drained battery directly at the
terminals of the disconnected
battery.
Charging the batteryvia
the onboardsocket is only
possible with suitable chargers.
Unsuitable chargers can result in
damage to the motorcycleelec-
tronics.
Use BMW chargers with the
part numbers 7160 7 688 864
(220 V) or, as applicable,
71 60 7 688 865 (110 V). If in
doubt, chargethe disconnected
battery directlyat the terminals.
Charge disconnected battery
via onboard socket.
The motorcycle's onboard
electronics know whenthe
battery is fully charged.The
onboard socket is switched off
when this happens.
Comply with operating instruc-
tions of charger.
If you are unableto
charge the batteryvia
the onboard socket,you may
be using a chargerthat is
not compatible with your
motorcycle's electronics.In this
case, please charge the battery
directly at the terminals of the
disconnected battery.
Charging disconnected
battery
Charge battery usinga suitable
charger.
Comply with operating instruc-
tions of charger.
Once the batteryis fully
charged, disconnect the
charger's terminal clips from
the battery terminals.
In the case oflonger peri-
ods when the motorcycleis
not being used, the batterymust
be rechargedregularly.See the
instructions for caring for your
battery.Always fully recharge
the battery beforereturning it to
use.
Removing battery
compartment cover
Make sure groundis leveland
firm and park motorcycle.
8
125
z
Maintenance
Remove screws 1while watch-
ing detents 2.
Take out battery compartment
lid in a forwardand upward di-
rection.
Installing battery
compartment cover
Install battery compartment
cover while watching detents2.
Install screws 1.
Removing battery
Removing battery compartment
cover (125)
An incorrect disconnection
sequence increase the risk
of short-circuiting.
Always observe the proper
sequence.
Remove negative cable 1first.
Then remove positive cable 2.
Unscrew screws 3and pull re-
taining bracket toward rear.
Lift battery upwards;if it is dif-
ficult to move,moving it back
and forth will help.
8
126
z
Maintenance
Installing battery
Place battery in battery com-
partment, positive terminal on
right in direction oftravel.
Push retaining strapover bat-
tery and install screws 3.
An incorrect installation se-
quence increasesthe risk
of short-circuiting.
Always observethe proper
sequence.
First install positive battery ca-
ble 2.
Then install negative battery
cable 1.
Installing battery compartment
cover (126)
Switch on ignition.
If the motorcyclewas dis-
connected fromthe bat-
tery for a longer time,the current
date mustbe entered in thein-
strument clusterto ensure the
proper operationof the service
display.
Consult a certified workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer,for setting of
the date.
Fully open the throttle once or
twice.
The engine managementsys-
tem records the throttle-valve
position.
Setting clock (46)
8
127
z
Maintenance
8
128
z
Maintenance
Care
Care
Care products..................... 130
Washing yourmotorcycle .......... 130
Cleaning sensitive motorcycle
parts ............................... 130
Paintcare .......................... 131
Protectivewaxcoating. . . .......... 132
Storing motorcycle................. 132
Returningmotorcycletouse ....... 132
9
129
z
Care
Care products
BMW Motorrad recommends
that you use cleaningand care
products available at yourau-
thorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
BMW Care Productshave been
materials tested, laboratory test-
ed, and field tested and provide
optimum care and protectionfor
the materials usedin your motor-
cycle.
The use of unsuitable
cleaning and care products
can damage motorcycle
components.
For cleaning,do not use any sol-
vents such as nitro-thinners,cold
cleaning agents, fuelor similar,
and do not use cleaningagents
that contain alcohol.
Washing your
motorcycle
BMW Motorrad recommends
that you use BMW InsectRe-
mover to soften and washoff
insects and stubborn dirt from
painted parts before washing the
motorcycle.
To prevent stains,do not wash
the motorcycle immediatelyafter
it has beenexposed to bright
sunlight and do not wash it inthe
sun.
Make sure thatthe motorcycle
is washed frequently, especially
during the wintermonths.
To remove road salt, cleanthe
motorcycle with cold waterim-
mediately after every trip.
After washing the motor-
cycle, after driving through
water or inthe rain, braking can
be delayed due to damp brake
disks and brake pads.
Brake early untilthe brakes are
dry or braked until dry.
Warm water intensifies the
effect of salt.
Only use cold water to remove
road salt.
The high pressure of steam
cleaners can damage seals,
the hydraulic brake system, the
electrical system andthe seat.
Do not use asteam jet or high-
pressure cleaning equipment.
Cleaning sensitive
motorcycle parts
Plastics
Clean plastic partswith water
and BMW plastic careemulsion.
This includes in particular:
Windshields and winddeflec-
tors
Headlight lens madeof plastic
Covering glass ofthe instru-
ment cluster
9
130
z
Care
Black, unpainted parts
If plastic parts arecleaned
using unsuitable cleaning
agents, the surfaces can be dam-
aged.
Do not use cleaningagentsthat
contain alcohol, solventsor abra-
sives to cleanplastic parts.
'Fly sponges' orsponges with
hard surfaces can alsolead to
scratches.
Soften stubborn dirt and
dead insectsby covering
the affected areaswith a wet
cloth.
Windshield
Clean off dirt and insectswith a
soft sponge and plentyof water.
Fuel and chemicalsolvents
attack the windshield ma-
terial; the windshield becomes
cloudy or dull.
Do not use cleaningagents.
Chrome
Especially in the caseof road
salt, carefully cleanchrome parts
with plenty of waterand BMW
auto shampoo.Use chromepol-
ish for additionaltreatment.
Radiator
Clean the radiatorregularly to
prevent overheatingof the en-
gine due to inadequatecooling.
For example, usea garden hose
with low water pressure.
Cooling fins canbe bent
easily.
When cleaning the radiator, en-
sure that the fins are notbent.
Rubber
Treat rubber components with
water or BMW rubber protection
coating agent.
Using silicone sprays for
the care of rubber seals can
cause damage.
Do not use siliconspraysoroth-
er care productsthat contain
silicon.
Paint care
Washing the motorcycle regularly
will help counteractthe long-term
effects of substancesthat dam-
age the paint,especiallyif your
motorcycle isridden in areas
with highair pollution ornatural
sources of dirt, e.g.tree resinor
pollen.
However, remove particularly ag-
gressive materials immediately;
otherwise changesin the paint or
discoloration can occur.These
include spilled fuel, oil,grease,
brake fluid as well as birddrop-
pings.BMW Car Polish or BMW
Paint Cleaner are recommended
for this.
Contamination ofthe paint finish
is particularlyeasy to see after
the motorcycle hasbeen washed.
Remove this type of soiling with
9
131
z
Care
cleaning naphtha or spiriton a
clean cloth or cotton ball.BMW
Motorrad recommends remov-
ing tar spots with BMW Tar Re-
mover.Then add a protective
wax coating tothe paint at these
locations.
Protective wax coating
To preserve the finish ofyour
motorcycle, BMW Motorrad rec-
ommends using BMWCar Wax
or agents that containcarnauba
or synthetic waxes.
A sure sign that thepaint must
be protected, is the fact that wa-
ter no longer pearls up on it.
Storing motorcycle
Clean motorcycle.
Remove battery.
Spray brake and clutch lever,
and main and side standpivots
with a suitable lubricant.
Coat bare metal and chrome-
plated partswith an acid-free
grease (e.g.Vaseline).
Park motorcyclein a dry room
so that both wheels are un-
loaded.
Before putting the motor-
cycle into storage, have
the engine oil andthe oil filter
element changed bya special-
ist workshop, preferablyan au-
thorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Combine work for storing/return-
ing to use with maintenance ser-
vice or an inspection.
Returning motorcycle
to use
Remove the protectivewax
coating.
Clean the motorcycle.
Install a charged battery.
Before starting:Observe
checklist.
9
132
z
Care
Technical data
Technical data
Troubleshootingchart. . . .......... 134
Threaded fasteners ................ 135
Engine ............................. 136
Fuel. ............................... 137
Engine oil .......................... 137
Clutch ............................. 138
Transmission. ..................... 138
Rear-wheeldrive ................... 139
Runninggear. ..................... 139
Brakes ............................. 140
Wheelsandtires ................... 140
Electricalsystem ................... 142
Frame ............................. 144
Dimensions. . . ..................... 144
Weights............................ 145
Riding specifications ............... 14510
133
z
Technical data
Troubleshooting chart
Engine does not start atall or is very difficult tostart
Possible causeRemedy
Emergency ON/OFF switch activated.Emergency ON/OFF switch in operating position.
Side stand extendedand gear engaged.Retract side stand(72).
Gear engaged and clutch not operatedPlace transmission in neutral or disengage clutch
( 72).
Clutch disengaged with ignition switched off.Switch on ignition first, then disengage clutch.
No fuel in tank.Refueling(78)
Battery not adequatelycharged.Charging connectedbattery(125)
10
134
z
Technical data
Threaded fasteners
Front wheelValueValid
Front brake caliper on wheel
carrier
M8 x 32 -10.922 lb/ft (30 Nm)
Clampingscrew on quick-re-
lease axlein wheel carrier
M8 x 3014 lb/ft (19 Nm)
Quick-releaseaxle in threaded
bush
M24 x 1.537 lb/ft (50 Nm)
Rear wheelValueValid
Muffler on passenger footrest
M8 x 3016 lb/ft (22 Nm)
Muffler on manifold
M8 x 60 -10.926 lb/ft (35 Nm)
Rear wheel on wheel flange
Wheel carrierwith cut thread, M10 x
1.25 x 40
Tighten diagonally
44 lb/ft (60 Nm)
10
135
z
Technical data
Engine
Engine designTransverse-mounted four-cylinder,four-stroke in-
line engine,angled 55° towardfront.With four
valves per cylinder, actuated by two overhead
camshafts andtrailing valve levers; liquidcooled,
electronic fuel injection,integratedsix-speed cas-
sette transmission, dry-sump lubrication
Displacement1157 cc (1157 cm3)
Cylinder bore3.1 in (79 mm)
Piston stroke2.3 in (59 mm)
Compression ratio13:1
Rated output167 hp (123 kW), - at engine speed: 10250 min-1
With OE 74 kW power reduction:101 hp (74 kW), - at engine speed: 7000 min-1
With OE 79 kW power reduction:107 hp (79 kW), - at engine speed: 8750 min-1
Torque96 lb/ft (130Nm), -at engine speed:8250 min-1
With OE 74 kW power reduction:81 lb/ft (110 Nm), At: 5250 min-1
With OE 79 kW power reduction:76 lb/ft (103 Nm), At: 4500 min-1
Maximum engine speedMax 11000 min-1
Idle speed1150±50 min-1
10
136
z
Technical data
Fuel
Recommended fuel quality98 ROZ/RON, Super Plus unleaded
95 ROZ/RON,Super unleaded(fuel type can be
used with reduced performanceand consumption)
Usable fuel quantity5 gal (19 l)
Reserve fuel quantity1.1 gal (4l)
Engine oil
Engine oil, capacity3.7quarts (3.5 l), with filter change
0.5 quarts (0.5 l), Differencebetween Min and
Max
LubricantCastrol GPS 10W-40 (SAE 10W40; API SG; JA-
SO MA)
Oil gradesMineral engine oils of the API classificationSF to
SH. BMW Motorraddoes not recommendusing
oil additives, asthese can worsen clutchopera-
tion.Ask your BMW Motorradretailer for engine
oils suitable for yourmotorcycle.
Permissible viscosity classes
SAE 10 W-40-4 °F(-20 °C), Operationat low temperatures
SAE 15 W-4014 °F (-10 °C)
10
137
z
Technical data
Clutch
Clutch designMulti-disk oil-bath clutch
Transmission
Transmission designClaw-shifted 6-speed cassettetransmission inte-
grated in engine housing
Transmission gear ratios1.559 (92:59 teeth), Primary gear ratio
2.294 (39:17teeth), 1st gear
1.789 (34:19 teeth), 2nd gear
1.458 (35:24teeth), 3rd gear
1.240 (31:25 teeth),4th gear
1.094 (35:32 teeth),5th gear
0.971 (33:34 teeth),6th gear
1.045 (23:22 teeth), Angle drive
10
138
z
Technical data
Rear-wheel drive
Type of final driveShaft drive with bevel gears
Type of rear suspensionBMW EVO Paralever, single-arm light-alloy cast
swinging arm withtwo joints and torque support
Gear ratio of final drive2.82
Running gear
Type of front suspensionDouble leading link
Spring travel,front4.9 in (125 mm),On wheel
Type of rear suspensionLever-system-coupledcentralspring strut with
coil pressure spring and single-tubegas-filled
shock absorber.Spring preload with stepless hy-
draulic adjustment; rebound-stagedamping with
stepless adjustment
With OE Electronic Suspension Adjustment
(ESA):
Lever-system-coupledcentral spring strut with
coil pressure spring and single-tubegas-filled
shock absorber.3x spring base,tensile and com-
pression stage each 3xadjustable
Spring travel,rear5.3 in (135 mm),On wheel
10
139
z
Technical data
Brakes
Type of front brakehydraulically operatedtwin disk brake with4-pis-
ton fixed calipers and floatingbrake disks
Brake-pad material, frontSintered metal
Type of rearbrakeHydraulic disk brakewith 2-piston floatingcaliper
and fixed brake disk
Brake-pad material, rearOrganic
Wheels and tires
Tire combinationsrecommended at time of going
to press (As at:24.04.2007)
front:Bridgestone, BT014 F RadialF, 120/
70 ZR17 M/C (58W)
rear:Bridgestone, BT 014R Radial F, 190/
50 ZR17 M/C (73W)
front:Continental, Conti Sport AttackC, 120/
70 ZR17 M/C (58W)
rear:Continental, Conti Sport AttackC, 190/
50 ZR17 M/C (73W)
front, Metzeler, Sportec M-1 B, 120/70 ZR17 M/C
(58W)
rear, Metzeler, SportecM-1 B, 190/50 ZR17M/C
(73W)
10
140
z
Technical data
front, Michelin, Pilot Power B, 120/70 ZR17 M/C
(58W)
rear, Michelin,Pilot Power P, 190/50ZR17 M/C
(73W)
front, Michelin, Pilot Road TL, 120/70 ZR17 M/C
(58W)
rear, Michelin,Pilot Road R TL, 190/50ZR17 M/C
(73W)
front, Pirelli,Diabolo E TL, 120/70ZR17 M/C
(58W)
rear, Pirelli, Diabolo E TL, 190/50 ZR17 M/C
(73W)
Front wheel
Front wheel designCast aluminum,MT H2
Front-wheel rimsize3.50" x 17"
Front tire designation120/70 ZR 17
Rear wheel
Rear wheel designCast aluminum,MT H2
Rear-wheelrim size6.00" x 17"
Rear tire designation190/50 ZR17
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Technical data
Tire inflation pressure
Tire pressure, front36.3 psi (2.5 bar), Single rider, with coldtire
36.3 psi (2.5 bar), Driverwith passenger and/or
load, with cold tire
Tire pressure, rear42.1 psi (2.9 bar), Single rider, with coldtire
42.1 psi (2.9 bar), Driverwith passenger and/or
load, with cold tire
Electrical system
Electrical rating of onboard socketMax 5A
FusesAll circuits are electronicallyprotected,so plug-
in fuses are nolonger necessary.If an electronic
fuse trips and de-energizesa circuit, the circuit is
active as soon asthe ignition is switchedon after
the fault has been rectified.
Battery
Battery manufacturerand designationYuasa YTX 14BS
Battery designAGM (AbsorptiveGlass Matt) battery
Battery voltage12 V
Battery capacity14 Ah
10
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Technical data
Technical data
Spark plugs, manufacturerand designationNGK KR9CI
Electrode gapof spark plug0.03 in (0.8 mm),New
Bulbs
Bulb for high-beamheadlightH7 / 12 V /55 W
Bulb for low-beamheadlightH7 / 12 V /55 W
Bulb for parking lightW5W / 12 V / 5 W
Bulb fortaillight/brakelightP21W / 12V / 21W
Bulbs for flashing turn indicators,frontW16W / 12 V / 16 W
Bulbs for flashingturn indicators,rearR10W / 12 V/ 10 W
Bulb of license plate lightW5W / 12 V / 5 W
10
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z
Technical data
Frame
Frame designCast light allow -welded design with screwed-on
tubular steel rear frame
Location of typeplateOn rear cross frame tube
Location of vehicleidentification numberFront right side framesection
Dimensions
Motorcyclelength86.7 in (2201 mm)
Motorcycle height47.7 in (1211 mm), At DIN unladen weight
Motorcyclewidth35.6 in (905 mm), Acrossmirrors
Driver's seat height32.3 in (820 mm), Withoutdriver
With OE Low driver's seat:31.1 in (790 mm), Without driver
10
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z
Technical data
Weights
Unladen weight547 lbs (248 kg), DIN unladen weight, ready for
road, 90 % fulltank of gas, withoutOE
Permissible grossweight992 lbs (450 kg)
Maximum payloadMax 445 lbs (Max 202 kg)
Riding specifications
Top speed>124 mph (>200 km/h)
10
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z
Technical data
10
146
z
Technical data
Service
Service
BMWMotorradService.. .......... 148
BMW Motorrad Service Quality .... 148
BMW Motorrad Service Card - On-
the-spot breakdown assistance .... 148
BMW Motorrad Service
Network ........................... 149
Maintenance work................. 149
Confirmation of maintenance
work ............................... 150
Confirmationofservice. . .......... 155
11
147
z
Service
BMW Motorrad Service
Advanced technology requires
specially adapted methods of
maintenance and repair.
If this maintenance andre-
pair workis performed inex-
pertly, there isa danger of dam-
age and associated safetyrisks.
BMW Motorrad recommends
having corresponding workon
your motorcyclecarried out by a
specialized workshop, preferably
by an authorizedBMW Motorrad
retailer.
You can obtain informationon
the contents of theBMW Ser-
vices from your BMWMotorrad
retailer.
Have all maintenanceand repair
work carried out confirmed in the
"Service" chapterin this manual.
Your authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer is suppliedwith all the
latest technical information and
therefore possessesthe neces-
sary technical know-how.BMW
Motorrad recommendsthat you
refer any questions about your
motorcycle toyour authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
BMW Motorrad Service
Quality
BMW Motorrad meansnot only
quality workmanshipand high
reliability, but also an outstanding
quality of service.
To ensurethat your BMWis al-
ways in optimum condition, BMW
Motorrad recommendsthat you
adhere to the regular mainte-
nance schedule for yourmotor-
cycle, preferably having the work
done by your authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.For generous
treatment of claimssubmitted
after the warranty period has ex-
pired, evidence of regularmainte-
nance is essential.
Certain signs ofwear, moreover,
may otherwise not benoticed
until it is too late to correct them
at moderate cost.The workshop
personnel at BMW Motorradre-
tailers have thorough knowledge
of your motorcycleand can take
action before minor problems can
turn into major trouble.By having
the necessaryrepairs done prop-
erly and in goodtime, you save
time and money in the long run.
BMW Motorrad Service
Card - On-the-spot
breakdown assistance
With all new BMWmotorcy-
cles, the BMWMotorrad Service
Card protects you in the event
of a breakdownwith an exten-
sive range of services suchas
breakdown assistance, motorcy-
cle transportation etc.(differing
regulations are possiblein indi-
vidual countries).In thecase of
a breakdown, contactthe Mobile
Service of BMW Motorrad.Here
you will findour specialists ready
11
148
z
Service
to help with both adviceand ac-
tion.
Important country-specific con-
tact addresses and therelevant
after-sales service organization
phone numbers aswell as infor-
mation on Mobile Serviceand
the retail networkcan be found
in the "Service Kontakt/Service
Contact" brochures.
BMW Motorrad Service
Network
With its worldwide service net-
work, BMW Motorrad can attend
to you andyour motorcycle in
over 100 countries around the
globe.In Germany alone,there
are approximately 200authorized
BMW Motorrad retailers ready to
assist you.
All information concerningthe in-
ternational dealership network
can be foundin the brochure
"Service Contact Europe" or
"Service Contact Africa, Ameri-
ca, Asia, Australia, Oceania".
Maintenance work
BMW Pre-Delivery Check
The BMW pre-delivery checkis
carried outby your authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer before it
turns over themotorcycle to you.
BMW Running-in Check
The BMW running-in checkhas
to be performedwhen the mo-
torcycle has covered between
300 miles (500 km) and 750
miles (1,200 km).
BMW Service
BMW Serviceis carried out once
a year.The scope ofthe ser-
vices performed maybe depen-
dent on the vehicle owner and
the mileage driven.Your BMW
Motorrad retailer confirms that
the service has beenperformed
and enters the date forthe next
service.
For drivers who drivelong dis-
tances annually,it may be neces-
sary to come in for servicebefore
the entered date.In thiscase a
corresponding maximum odome-
ter reading willalso be entered in
the confirmation ofservice.If this
odometer readingis reached be-
fore the nextservice date, service
must be performed sooner.
The service displayin the multi-
function display reminds you of
the next servicedate approx.one
month or 600 miles (1,000km)
before the enteredvalues.
11
149
z
Service
Confirmation of maintenance work
BMW Pre-Delivery
Check
Conducted
on
Stamp, Signature
BMW Running-in
Check
Conducted
on
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
11
150
z
Service
BMW Service
Conducted
on
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
BMW Service
Conducted
on
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
BMW Service
Conducted
on
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
11
151
z
Service
BMW Service
Conducted
on
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
BMW Service
Conducted
on
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
BMW Service
Conducted
on
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
11
152
z
Service
BMW Service
Conducted
on
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
BMW Service
Conducted
on
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
BMW Service
Conducted
on
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
11
153
z
Service
BMW Service
Conducted
on
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
BMW Service
Conducted
on
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
BMW Service
Conducted
on
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
11
154
z
Service
Confirmation of service
The table is intendedas proof of maintenance, warrantyand repair work, theinstalled optional acces-
sories and any special campaign (recall) work carried out.
Work carried outOdometer
reading
Date
11
155
z
Service
Work carried outOdometer
reading
Date
11
156
z
Service
A
Abbreviations and symbols,6
ABS
Self-diagnosis, 73
Warning indicator, 29
Anti-theft alarm, 17
Warning indicator, 39
ASC
Self-diagnosis, 74
Switching off, 58
Switching on, 58
Warning indicator, 32, 34
B
Battery
Battery compartment, 13, 125
Charging connected
battery, 125
Charging disconnected
battery, 125
Installing, 127
Removing, 126
Technical data, 142
Warning for battery charge
current, 25
Brake fluid
Checking front level, 13,101
Checking rear level, 13,102
Brake pads
Check front, 99
Check rear, 100
Running in, 75
Brakes
Adjusting handbrake lever, 59
Checking operation, 99
Technical data, 140
C
Case
Adapting, 93
Adjusting, 91
Closing, 91
Mounting, 92
Opening, 90
Removing, 92
Checklist, 71
Clock
Adjusting, 46
Clutch
Adjusting clutch lever, 59
Check level, 11, 103
Checking operation, 103
Technical data, 138
Commissioning, 132
Confirmation of maintenance
work, 150
Coolant
Temperature display, 20
Warning indicator, 24
Currentness of this manual, 7
D
Damping
Adjusting, 11, 61
E
Electrical system
Technical data, 142
Emergency ON/OFF switch, 16,
57
Engine
Technical data, 136
Warning for engine
electronics, 24
Engine oil
Check level, 13, 97
Draining, 99
12
157
z
Index
Technical data, 137
Topping up, 14, 98
Warning for engine oil level,29
Warning for engine oil
pressure, 25
Equipment, 7
ESA, 15, 62
EWS, 45
Warning indicator, 24
F
Flat tire kit, 93
Frame
Technical data, 144
Front wheel stand, 111
Fuel
Quantity indicator, 20
Refueling, 13, 78
Technical data, 137
Warning forfuel down to
reserve, 24
Fuses, 142
G
Gear indicator, 20
H
Handlebar fittings
General view, left, 15
General view, right, 16
Hazard warningflashers, 15, 16
Switching off, 56
Switching on, 55
Headlight
Adjusting for RHD/LHD
traffic, 64
Headlight range, 65
High-beam headlight, 18
Low-beam headlight, 18
Parking lights, 18
Heated hand grips, 16, 57
Helmet holder, 14, 67
Horn, 15
I
Ignition
Switching off, 44
Switching on, 44
Immobilizer, 45
Warning indicator, 24
Indicator lights, 17
Instrument cluster
Overview, 17
Sensor for instrumentcluster
lighting, 17
J
Jump-starting, 123
K
Keys, 44
L
Lamps
General instructions, 114
Replacing brake light
bulbs, 118
Replacing front turn indicator
bulbs, 120
Replacing high-beambulb, 116
Replacing low-beambulb, 114
Replacing parking light
bulb, 118
Replacing rear turn indicator
bulbs, 122
Replacing tail light bulbs, 118
12
158
z
Index
Technical data, 143
Warning for bulb failure, 26
Lights
Headlight flasher,15, 54
High-beam headlight, 15, 54
Low-beam headlight, 53
Parking light, 54
Parking lights, 53
Luggage
Correct loading, 89
Luggage loops, 68
M
Maintenance
General instructions, 96
Mirrors
Adjusting, 60
Motorcycle
General view, left, 11
General view, right, 13
Returningto use,132
Storing, 132
Multifunction display, 17
Overview, 20
O
Odometer and tripmeters
Resetting, 48
Selecting readings, 47
Onboard computer
Ambient temperature, 50
Average consumption, 51
Average speed, 50
Oil level indicator,52
Range, 51
Selecting readings, 49
Onboard socket, 11
Overview of warning
indicators, 23, 28, 31, 33, 36,
40
P
Pre-ride check, 73
R
Rear-wheel drive
Technical data, 139
Rear-wheel stand, 113
Refueling, 78
Reserve
Warning indicator, 24
Residual range, 49
Rims
Check, 104
Running gear
Technical data, 139
Running in, 75
S
Seat
Installing, 66
Lock, 11
Removing, 65
Service, 148
Shown in display,20
Service Card, 148
Side stand
For starting, 72
Spark plugs, 143
Speedometer, 17
Spring preload
Adjusting, 11, 60
Starter, 16
12
159
z
Index
Steering lock
Locking, 45
Storing, 132
T
Tachometer, 17
Technical data
Battery, 142
Brakes, 140
Bulbs, 143
Clutch, 138
Electrical system, 142
Engine, 136
Engine oil, 137
Frame, 144
Fuel, 137
Rear-wheel drive, 139
Running gear, 139
Spark plugs, 143
Standards, 7
Transmission, 138
Wheels and tires, 140
Tire Pressure Control TPC
Operation, 53
Status indicators, 53
Sticker on wheelrim, 105
Warning indicator, 34
Tires
Checking inflation pressure, 64
Measuring tread depth, 104
Recommended tires, 105
Running in, 75
Technical data, 140
Toolkit, 14
Service set, 96
Standard set, 96
Torques, 133
Transmission
For starting, 72
Technical data, 138
Troubleshooting chart, 134
Turn indicators
Left, 15, 54
Right, 16, 55
Switching off, 16, 55
V
Vehicle Identification Number, 13
W
Warning indicators
Display, 22
Warning lamps, 17
Wheels
Installing front wheel,107
Installing rear wheel,109
Removing front wheel, 105
Removing rear wheel, 108
Technical data, 140
12
160
z
Index
161
z
Reporting
Safety Defects
If you believe that your
vehicle has a defect
which could cause a
crash or could cause
injury or death, you
should immediately
inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA)
in addition to notifying
BMW of North America,
LLC.
If NHTSA receives simi-
lar complaints, it may
open an investigation,
and if it finds that a
safety defect exists in a
group of vehicles, it may
order a recall and
remedy campaign.
However, NHTSA can-
not become involved in
individual problems
between you, your
dealer, orBMWof
North America, LCC.
To contact NHTSA, you
may call the Vehicle
Safety Hotline toll-free at
1–888–327–4236
(TTY: 1–800–424–9153);
go to
http://www.safercar.gov;
or write to:
Administrator, NHTSA,
400 Seventh Street, SW.,
Washington, DC 20590.
You can also obtain other
information about motor
vehicle safety from
http://www.safercar.gov.
Details described or illustrated
in this booklet maydiffer from
the motorcycle'sactual specifi-
cation as purchased,the acces-
sories fitted orthe national-mar-
ket specification.No claimswill
be entertained as a resultof such
discrepancies.
Dimensions, weights,fuel con-
sumption and performancedata
are quoted tothe customary tol-
erances.
The rightto modify designs,
equipment and accessories is
reserved.
Errors and omissions excepted.
© 2007 BMW Motorrad
Not to be reproduced either
wholly or in part withoutwritten
permission from BMW Motorrad,
After Sales.
Printed in Germany.
The most importantdata for a filling station stopcan be found in the followingchart.
Fuel
Recommended fuel quality98 ROZ/RON, Super Plus unlead-
ed
95 ROZ/RON, Superunleaded
(fuel type can beused with re-
duced performance and con-
sumption)
Usable fuel quantity5 gal (19 l)
Reserve fuel quantityL1.1 gal (L4l)
Tire inflation pressure
Tire pressure, front36.3 psi (2.5bar),Singlerider,
with cold tire
36.3 psi (2.5bar),Driverwith pas-
senger and/or load, withcoldtire
Tire pressure, rear42.1 psi (2.9bar),Singlerider,
with cold tire
42.1 psi (2.9bar),Driverwith pas-
senger and/or load, withcoldtire
BMW recommends
Order No.:01 47 7 712 087
07.2007, 5th Edition
*01477712087*
*01477712087*
*01477712087*